In this study the effects of immature wheat grains (IWG), a natural source of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), on intestinal microbiota and gastrointestinal function were evaluated. Ileal effluents from three ileostomates were collected for 8 h after IWG-enriched or Control biscuit administration, and then fermented in vitro with human faecal inoculum. On fermentation broths, microbial counts and SCFA were measured. Moreover, we investigated the effect of IWG biscuits on gastric emptying. Twelve healthy volunteers underwent ultrasound measurement of gastric emptying of a standard meal consumed 5 h after a breakfast composed by lactosefree milk and IWG or Control biscuits; hunger and satiety sensations were also evaluated in this period. Bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria counts were higher (P<0.05) in IWG than in Control cultures, supporting the prebiotic effects of IWG, probably linked to its FOS content; moreover IWG fermentation produced more acetate. In vivo IWG biscuits delayed gastric emptying of the next meal (P<0.05), decreased hunger (P<0.001) and increased satiety (P<0.005). Therefore in vitro results substantiate the potential of IWG as a prebiotic ingredient and in vivo data suggest an effect of IWG on gastric emptying and on persistent satiety. These preliminary data tend to support the use of IWG in formulating functional prebiotic products suitable to promote satiety.
Prebiotic potential and gastrointestinal effects of immature wheat grain (IWG) biscuits / M.C. Casiraghi, R. Zanchi, E. Canzi, M.A. Pagani, T. Viaro, L. Benini, M.G. D'Egidio. - In: ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK. - ISSN 0003-6072. - 99:4(2011), pp. 795-805.
|Titolo:||Prebiotic potential and gastrointestinal effects of immature wheat grain (IWG) biscuits|
CASIRAGHI, MARIA CRISTINA (Primo)
ZANCHI, RAFFAELLA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Colonic ecosystem ; Dietary fibre ; Gastric emptying ; Immature wheat ; Satiety|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-011-9553-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|