The objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of target organ damage (TOD) at carotid, cardiac, renal and peripheral vascular levels in a population at intermediate cardiovascular risk, with adjunctive major risk factors (AMRF). From March 2007 to July 2009 we examined 979 subjects at intermediate cardiovascular risk, as indicated by the Italian algorithm "Progetto Cuore"; the patients were aged 40-69 years, sensitized by one or more AMRF such as family history for cardiovascular disease (CVD), being overweight or obese, and smoking habit (more than 10 cigarettes/day). We measured common carotid intima-media thickness (cc-IMT) and plaque at any level, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), and ankle-brachial index (ABI). The prevalence of at least one TOD was 63% (617 subjects), cc-IMT was high in 48.2% (472), UACR abnormal in 14.1% (138), LVMI high in 12.6% (117) and ABI pathological in 9.1% (89). In those with carotid damage 423 had a plaque, amounting to 43.2% of the total population. Of note, carotid damage was present in all subjects with 3 TODs, and in 92% of subjects with 2 TODs. A multivariate logistic regression model including conventional factors and AMRF indicated that age 50-69 years, systolic blood pressure, relevant smoking and CV risk score a parts per thousand yen15 were independently and significantly associated with at least one TOD, and at least, with carotid damage. Among the AMRF, peripheral arterial disease was associated with relevant smoking, with an odds ratio (OR) of 3 [confidence interval (CI) 1.80-4.97, p < 0.0001]; overweight and obesity both had selective associations with cardiac damage with OR 2.75 (CI 1.2-6.3, p < 0.01) and OR 3.89 (CI 1.61-9.73, p < 0.01). A substantial proportion of people at intermediate risk, with at least one AMRF have at least one TOD, a major predictor of cardiovascular outcomes.
Target organ damage in a population at intermediate cardiovascular risk, with adjunctive major risk factors : CArdiovascular PREvention Sacco Study (CAPRESS) / F. Perego, E. Renesto, M. Arquati, L. Scandiani, C. Cogliati, D. Torzillo, L. Zocchi, G. Casazza, P. Duca, S. Chirchiglia, G. Lacaita, M. Panteghini, M. Cortellaro. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1828-0447. - 6:4(2011 Aug), pp. 337-342.
|Titolo:||Target organ damage in a population at intermediate cardiovascular risk, with adjunctive major risk factors : CArdiovascular PREvention Sacco Study (CAPRESS)|
|Parole Chiave:||Algorithms; Carotid artery diseases; Diagnosis; Diagnostic techniques cardiovascular disease; Hypertension; Prevention and control; Prognosis; Risk factors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-010-0501-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|