Iron (Fe) deficiency in pregnancy is associated to low birth weight and premature delivery while in adults it can result in increased blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Cellular Fe uptake is mediated by the Transferrin Receptor 1 (TFRC), located in the trophoblast membranes. Here, we measured TFRC mRNA expression (Real Time PCR) and TFRC protein expression and localization (Western Blotting and immunohistochemistry) in IUGR compared to control placentas. A total of 50 IUGR and 56 control placentas were studied at the time of elective cesarean section. IUGR was defined by ultrasound in utero, and confirmed by birth weight <10th percentile. Three different severity groups were identified depending on the umbilical artery pulsatility index and fetal heart rate. TFRC mRNA expression was significantly lower in IUGR placentas compared to controls (p < 0.05), and this was confirmed for TFRC protein levels. In both experiments the most severe IUGR group presented lower expression compared to the other groups, and this was also related to umbilical venous oxygen levels. TFRC protein localization in the villous trophoblast did not differ in the groups, and was predominantly present in the syncytiotrophoblast In conclusion, these are the first observations about TFRC expression in human IUGR placentas, demonstrating its significant decrease in IUGR vs controls. Thus, Fe transport could be limited in IUGR placentas. Further studies are needed to study components of the placental Fe transport system and to clarify the regulation mechanisms involved in TFRC expression, possibly altered in IUGR placentas.
Transferrin receptor gene and protein expression and localization in human IUGR and normal term placentas / C. Mandò, S.M. Tabano, P. Colapietro, P. Pileri, F. Colleoni, L. Avagliano, P. Doi, G.P. Bulfamante, M. Miozzo, I. Cetin. - In: PLACENTA. - ISSN 0143-4004. - 32:1(2011), pp. 44-50.
|Titolo:||Transferrin receptor gene and protein expression and localization in human IUGR and normal term placentas|
MANDO', CHIARA (Primo)
TABANO, SILVIA MARIA (Secondo)
MIOZZO, MONICA ROSA (Penultimo)
CETIN, IRENE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Intrauterine ; Growth ; Restriction ; Placenta ; Transferrin receptor 1 ; Iron|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica|
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2010.10.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|