The effect of ethanol on ganglioside metabolism was assessed in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells. Cells were incubated in the presence of tritiated serine or galactose, and the synthesis of radioactive gangliosides was followed. The rate of de novo biosynthesis of gangliosides labeled in the oligosaccharide moiety (deriving from tritiated galactose) was not affected by the presence of ethanol. On the contrary, the biosynthesis of gangliosides labeled in the ceramide long chain base moiety (deriving from tritiated serine), dramatically decreased in the presence of alcohol. These results suggest that the gap between the extent of the biosynthesis of lipid and polar portions observed in the presence of ethanol, is filled by an increased recycling of sphingosine produced from ganglioside degradation. This hypothesis was confirmed by pulse-chase experiments with GM1 ganglioside, tritiated in the sphingosine moiety, and following radiolabeled gangliosides deriving from its metabolic processing. In fact, the radioactivity carried by gangliosides whose labeling could derive exclusively (GD1b + GT1b) or partially (GD1a) from the recycling of catabolic radiolabeled sphingosine, dramatically increased in ethanol-treated cells during the chase period. Taken together, these results suggest that ethanol increases ceramide sphingosine recycling for ganglioside biosynthesis.
Ethanol-induced increase of sphingosine recycling for ganglioside biosynthesis: a study performed on cerebellar granule cells in culture / D. Ravasi, A. Ferraretto, F. Omodeo Salè, G. Tettamanti, M. Pitto, M. Masserini. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0360-4012. - 69:1(2002), pp. 80-85.
|Titolo:||Ethanol-induced increase of sphingosine recycling for ganglioside biosynthesis: a study performed on cerebellar granule cells in culture|
FERRARETTO, ANITA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cerebellar granule cells; Ethanol; Ganglioside; Sphingosine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.10274|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|