Molecular markers derived from resistance gene analogs of HcrVf2, the first apple resistance gene cloned, may pave the way to the cloning of additional apple scab resistance genes. The Malus ×domestica ‘Florina’ (Vf) bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) genomic library was screened by hybridization using HcrVf2 as a probe. Positive BAC clones were assembled into contigs and microsatellite markers developed from each contig mapped. Only linkage groups 1 and 6 contained HcrVf2 paralogs. On linkage group 1, five loci in addition to the Vf locus were identified. A single locus was detected on linkage group 6. Representative BAC clones of these loci including the Vf locus were sequenced and the gene structure compiled. A total of 22 sequences, showing high sequence similarity to HcrVf2, were identified. Nine sequences were predicted to encode all seven protein domains described in HcrVf2, while three were truncated. Transcriptional analysis indicated that six genes with a complete HcrVf-like structure were constitutively expressed in young uninfected leaves of ‘Florina’. The map position of each HcrVf analog was compared with the location of the major apple scab resistance genes. None of the major genes conferring scab resistance co-localized with HcrVf paralogs, indicating that they are unlikely to belong to the leucine-rich repeat – transmembrane class, which includes the Vf gene.
|Titolo:||HcrVf paralogs are present on linkage groups 1 and 6 of Malus|
|Parole Chiave:||Apple scab; Fungal-plant relationships; Gene-for-gene; Receptor-like protein; Venturia inaequalis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1139/G08-115|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|