Regulation of cortisol secretion by aberrant hormone receptors may play a role in the pathogenesis of ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome. In this study, the topic was evaluated by combining in vivo and in vitro approaches. Cortisol responses to various stimuli (standard meal, GnRH + TRH, cisapride, vasopressin, glucagon) were assessed in 6 patients with clinical or subclinical adrenal Cushing's syndrome, and non-functioning adrenal adenoma in two cases. Abnormal responses were observed in three patients with Cushing's syndrome; one patient showed a gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP)-dependent cortisol rise after meal, together with responses after GnRH and cisapride; the second patient showed an LH-dependent cortisol response to GnRH, and in the third cortisol rose after cisapride. The pattern of receptor expression performed by RT-PCR showed that while GIP-R was only expressed in tumor from the responsive patient, 5-hydroxytryptamine type 4 receptor and LH-R were also present in normal adrenal tissues and tissues from non-responsive patients. Interestingly, an activating mutation of Gsalpha gene was identified in one of these tumors. Therefore, cortisol responses to agents operating via Gs protein coupled receptors (in one case associated with Gsalpha mutation) were found in Cushing's patients, while these responses were absent in the others. The finding of receptor expression in normal and non-responsive tumors suggests that different mechanisms are probably involved in inducing in vivo cortisol responses.
Assessing the presence of abnormal regulation of cortisol secretion by membrane hormone receptors : in vivo and in vitro studies in patients with functioning and non-functioning adrenal adenoma / C.G. Dall'Asta, E. Ballarè, G. Mantovani, B.E. Ambrosi, A. Spada, L. Barbetta, P. Colombo, P. Travaglini, P. Loli, P.L.M. Beck-Peccoz. - In: HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0018-5043. - 36:8(2004 Aug), pp. 578-583.
|Titolo:||Assessing the presence of abnormal regulation of cortisol secretion by membrane hormone receptors : in vivo and in vitro studies in patients with functioning and non-functioning adrenal adenoma|
DALL'ASTA, CHIARA GIOVANNA (Primo)
BALLARE', EMILIA (Secondo)
BECK PECCOZ, PAOLO LUIGI MARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Adrenal mass; Cushing's syndrome; GIP receptor; Gsα gene mutation; Incidentaloma|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2004-825797|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|