Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) caused by amyloid beta (A beta) deposition around brain microvessels results in vascular degenerative changes. Antiangiogenic A beta properties are known to contribute to the compromised cerebrovascular architecture. Here we hypothesize that A beta peptides impair angiogenesis by causing endothelial cells to enter senescence at an early stage of vascular development. Wild-type (WT) A beta and its mutated variant E22Q peptide, endowed with marked vascular tropism, were used in this study. In vivo, in zebrafish embryos, the WT or E22Q peptides reduced embryo survival with an IC50 of 6.1 and 4.7 mu M, respectively. The 2.5 mu M concentration, showing minimal toxicity, was chosen. Alkaline phosphatase staining revealed disorganized vessel patterning, narrowing, and reduced branching of vessels. beta-Galactosidase staining and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 expression, indicative of senescence, were increased. In vitro, WT and E22Q reduced endothelial cell survival with an IC50 of 12.3 and 8.8 mu M, respectively. The 5 mu M concentration, devoid of acute effects on the endothelium, was applied chronically to long-term cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We observed reduced cumulative population doubling, which coincided with beta-galactosidase accumulation, down-regulation of telomerase reverse-transcriptase mRNA expression, decreased telomerase activity, and p21 activation. Senescent HUVECs showed marked angiogenesis impairment, as A beta treatment reduced tube sprouting. The endothelial injuries caused by the E22Q peptide were much more aggressive than those induced by the WT peptide. Premature A beta-induced senescence of the endothelium, producing progressive alterations of microvessel morphology and functions, may represent one of the underlying mechanisms for sporadic or heritable CAA.

Aβ peptides accelerate the senescence of endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo, impairing angiogenesis / S. Donnini, R. Solito, E. Cetti, F. Corti, A. Giachetti, S. Carra, M. Beltrame, F. Cotelli, M. Ziche. - In: THE FASEB JOURNAL. - ISSN 0892-6638. - 24:7(2010), pp. 2385-2395. [10.1096/fj.09-146456]

Aβ peptides accelerate the senescence of endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo, impairing angiogenesis

S. Carra;M. Beltrame;F. Cotelli
Penultimo
;
2010

Abstract

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) caused by amyloid beta (A beta) deposition around brain microvessels results in vascular degenerative changes. Antiangiogenic A beta properties are known to contribute to the compromised cerebrovascular architecture. Here we hypothesize that A beta peptides impair angiogenesis by causing endothelial cells to enter senescence at an early stage of vascular development. Wild-type (WT) A beta and its mutated variant E22Q peptide, endowed with marked vascular tropism, were used in this study. In vivo, in zebrafish embryos, the WT or E22Q peptides reduced embryo survival with an IC50 of 6.1 and 4.7 mu M, respectively. The 2.5 mu M concentration, showing minimal toxicity, was chosen. Alkaline phosphatase staining revealed disorganized vessel patterning, narrowing, and reduced branching of vessels. beta-Galactosidase staining and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 expression, indicative of senescence, were increased. In vitro, WT and E22Q reduced endothelial cell survival with an IC50 of 12.3 and 8.8 mu M, respectively. The 5 mu M concentration, devoid of acute effects on the endothelium, was applied chronically to long-term cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We observed reduced cumulative population doubling, which coincided with beta-galactosidase accumulation, down-regulation of telomerase reverse-transcriptase mRNA expression, decreased telomerase activity, and p21 activation. Senescent HUVECs showed marked angiogenesis impairment, as A beta treatment reduced tube sprouting. The endothelial injuries caused by the E22Q peptide were much more aggressive than those induced by the WT peptide. Premature A beta-induced senescence of the endothelium, producing progressive alterations of microvessel morphology and functions, may represent one of the underlying mechanisms for sporadic or heritable CAA.
Aging; Alzheimer's disease; Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/144803
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