The larval midgut of the hymenopteran parasitoid Aphidius ervi accomplishes a large transport of nutrients from the lumen to the haemocoel, providing most of the organic molecules necessary for rapid insect development. L-amino acids in general, and leucine in particular, are efficiently accumulated in the larval body. We show here that the intact midgut of early 3rd instar larvae incubated in vitro can take up [3H]L-leucine from the basolateral side of the epithelium by transporters insensitive to the presence of monovalent cations. When the midgut is opened and the apical membrane of the absorbing epithelial cells is exposed to the medium containing radiolabelled leucine, a sodium-dependent uptake of the amino acid becomes apparent, disclosing the presence of a symportmechanism. Inhibition experiments of leucine uptake by a 100-fold excess of different amino acids, selected according to the properties of their side chain, revealed that this apical sodium-dependent mechanism is a broad spectrum transport system with a specialization for the absorption of aliphatic amino acids, that can also transfer glutamine and proline, but not phenylalanine, lysine and arginine. Altogether the experimental results obtained with intact- and open-gut preparations suggest that leucine transport across the basolateral membrane is mediated by both an uniporter and an obligatory amino acid exchange mechanism.
|Titolo:||Leucine transport by the larval midgut of the parasitoid Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera)|
|Parole Chiave:||Aphidius ervi; Apical Na+/amino acid-coupled symport; Hymenoptera; Larval midgut; Leucine uptake|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jinsphys.2009.09.015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|