Phytonutrients in Angelica keiskei, a dark green leafy vegetable, were characterised and their extraction efficiency by different compositions of water/ethanol as well as stability at different temperatures was determined. A range in the content of lutein (205–265 mg/kg dry wt), trans-beta-carotene (103–130 mg/ kg dry wt), and total phenols (8.6–9.7 g/kg) was observed amongst Angelica keiskei grown in three different conditions. LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis identified chlorogenic acid, chalcones and the glucosides of luteolin and quercetin as the major phenolic compounds in Angelica keiskei. Only 46% of lutein was extracted by 70% of ethanol and no carotenoid was detected in 40% ethanol and 100% water extracts of Angelica keiskei. Major phytonutrients in Angelica keiskei were stable at -80°C up to 12 months whilst beta-carotene was significantly degraded at room temperature and 4°C within 2 months and lutein at room temperature within 12 months. The current study indicates that phytonutrients rich in Angelica keiskei can only be extracted partially using ethanol/water and substantial loss of certain phytonutrients such as beta-carotene can occur during storage at either 4°C or room temperature.
|Titolo:||Characterisation, extraction efficiency, stability and antioxidant activity of phytonutrients in Angelica keiskei|
ALDINI, GIANCARLO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Angelica keiskei ; Carotenoids ; Chalcones ; Total antioxidant performance ; Extraction efficiency ; Stability|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.12.015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|