Aims. The aim of this study was to determine the potential influence of variables such as the cell content in the fluid, and serum levels, on the concentrations of ceftibuten, cefixime and azithromycin in the middle ear fluid of patients suffering from acute otitis media. Methods. This randomized, open study compared the penetration of ceftibuten (9 mg kg-1, 18 patients), cefixime (8 mg kg-1, 16 patients) and azithromycin (10 mg kg-1, 16 patients) into the intracellular and extracellular compartments of middle ear fluid of 50 paediatric patients (aged 8-14 years) with acute otitis media. Middle ear fluid was extracted by tympanocentesis 4, 12 and 24 h after dosing and divided into two fractions: with cells (as collected) (C+) and cell-free (C-). Antibiotics were assayed in C+ and C- samples by h.p.l.c. Results. Ceftibuten achieved greater penetration into middle ear fluid than cefixime and azithromycin. Higher concentrations of ceftibuten (CTB) and cefixime (CFX) were found in the C- fraction (CTB: 4 h 13.3 ± 1.86; 12 h 4.7 ± 1.18; 24 h 0.5 ± 0.2. CFX: 4 h 3.2 ± 1.4; 12 h 1.5 ± 0.5; 24 h > 0.1 mg l-1) than in the C+ fraction (CTB: 4 h 8.4 ± 4.3; 12 h 2.88 ± 1.19; 24 h 0.3 ± 0.27. CFX: 4 h 1.2 ± 0.6; 12 h 0.8 ± 0.2; 24 h > 0.1 mg l-1) at the each time point, while the opposite was true for azithromycin (C-: 4 h 0.11 ± 0.04; 12 h 0.12 ± 0.08; 24 h 0.23 ± 0.12. C+: 4 h 0.38 ± 0.24; 12 h 0.9 ± 0.03; 24 h 1.05 ± 0.3 mg l-1). Conclusions. This study demonstrates that the penetration of antibiotics into the middle ear fluid is influenced by its serum concentrations as well as by the cell content in the fluid. Ceftibuten achieved higher middle ear fluid concentrations than cefixime in C+ and C- fractions at all time points. Both ceftibuten and cefixime concentrations are negatively influenced by the cell content in the fluid. In contrast the concentration of azithromycin to the middle ear fluid is positively influenced by the cell content in the fluid.
Interpretation of middle ear fluid concentrations of antibiotics: comparison between ceftibuten, cefixime and azithromycin / F. Scaglione, G. Demartini, S. Dugnani, M.M. Arcidiacono, J.P. Pintucci, F. Fraschini. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0306-5251. - 47:3(1999), pp. 267-271.
|Titolo:||Interpretation of middle ear fluid concentrations of antibiotics: comparison between ceftibuten, cefixime and azithromycin|
SCAGLIONE, FRANCESCO (Primo)
DEMARTINI, GERMANA (Secondo)
FRASCHINI, FRANCO LUIGI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Acute otitis media; Azithromycin penetration; Cefixime; Ceftibuten; Middle ear fluid|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2125.1999.00887.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|