Objectives: The effect of the implant position within the prosthesis on bone remodeling is scarcely documented so far. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether central implants may suffer higher peri-implant marginal bone levels (MBL) compared to laterals in case of fixed splinted bridges supported by ≥ three implants. Materials and Methods: Partially edentulous subjects rehabilitated with at least one fixed bridge supported by ≥ three dental implants were enrolled. MBL was assessed radiographically by means of intraoral radiographs acquired with phosphor plates and imported in a dedicated software. MBL was calculated as the distance between the implant platform level and the most coronal visible bone-to-implant contact. A three-level linear mixed effects model was used for investigating the fixed effect of patient-, prosthesis-, and implant-level variables on the MBL. Results: Overall, 90 patients rehabilitated with 130 splinted fixed bridges supported by 412 implants were included. The median follow-up was 136 months. The mean peri-implant MBL resulted statistically significantly higher at central implants if compared to lateral implants (p <.01). The estimated MBL averages for central and external implants were 1.68 and 1.18 mm, respectively. The prosthesis-level variables suggested that a cement-retained bridge was prone to a significant 0.82 mm higher MBL than a screw-retained one. Implant surface showed an association with MBL changes, although less pronounced than implant retention. Conclusions: In case of ≥3 adjacent implants supporting splinted bridges, central implants were more predisposed to MBL compared to laterals. At the prosthesis level, implants supporting cement-retained bridges were statistically more susceptible to MBL compared to screw-retained ones. Surface characteristics can also influence MBL stability at the implant level.

Radiographic evaluation of marginal bone levels around implants supporting splinted fixed bridges: A retrospective study on 412 implants / M. Manfredini, P.P. Poli, M. Beretta, F. Rossi, M. Rigoni, V. Veronesi, C. Maiorana. - In: CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0905-7161. - 35:5(2024), pp. 547-559. [10.1111/clr.14250]

Radiographic evaluation of marginal bone levels around implants supporting splinted fixed bridges: A retrospective study on 412 implants

M. Manfredini
Primo
;
P.P. Poli
Secondo
;
M. Beretta;F. Rossi;M. Rigoni;V. Veronesi
Penultimo
;
C. Maiorana
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Objectives: The effect of the implant position within the prosthesis on bone remodeling is scarcely documented so far. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether central implants may suffer higher peri-implant marginal bone levels (MBL) compared to laterals in case of fixed splinted bridges supported by ≥ three implants. Materials and Methods: Partially edentulous subjects rehabilitated with at least one fixed bridge supported by ≥ three dental implants were enrolled. MBL was assessed radiographically by means of intraoral radiographs acquired with phosphor plates and imported in a dedicated software. MBL was calculated as the distance between the implant platform level and the most coronal visible bone-to-implant contact. A three-level linear mixed effects model was used for investigating the fixed effect of patient-, prosthesis-, and implant-level variables on the MBL. Results: Overall, 90 patients rehabilitated with 130 splinted fixed bridges supported by 412 implants were included. The median follow-up was 136 months. The mean peri-implant MBL resulted statistically significantly higher at central implants if compared to lateral implants (p <.01). The estimated MBL averages for central and external implants were 1.68 and 1.18 mm, respectively. The prosthesis-level variables suggested that a cement-retained bridge was prone to a significant 0.82 mm higher MBL than a screw-retained one. Implant surface showed an association with MBL changes, although less pronounced than implant retention. Conclusions: In case of ≥3 adjacent implants supporting splinted bridges, central implants were more predisposed to MBL compared to laterals. At the prosthesis level, implants supporting cement-retained bridges were statistically more susceptible to MBL compared to screw-retained ones. Surface characteristics can also influence MBL stability at the implant level.
fixed partial denture; marginal bone loss; splinted bridges, dental implants; splinted position, peri-implant health, marginal bone level, marginal bone resorption
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1061888
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