Research on health policy, systems, and services (HPSSR) has seen significant growth in recent decades and received increasing attention in the field of rehabilitation. This growth is driven by the imperative to effectively address real-life challenges in complex healthcare settings. A recent resolution on `Strengthening rehabilitation in health systems' adopted by the World Health Assembly emphasizes the need to support societal health goals related to rehabilitation, particularly to promote high-quality rehabilitation research, including HPSSR. This conceptual paper, discussed with the participants in the 5th Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological Meeting held in Milan on September 2023, outlines study designs at diverse levels at which HPSSR studies can be conducted: the macro, meso, and micro levels. It categorizes research questions into four types: those framed from the perspective of policies, healthcare delivery organizations or systems, defined patient or provider populations, and important data sources or research methods. Illustrative examples of appropriate methodologies are provided for each type of research question, demonstrating the potential of HPSSR in shaping policies, improving healthcare delivery, and addressing patient and provider perspectives. The paper concludes by discussing the applicability, usefulness, and implementation of HPSSR findings, and the importance of knowledge translation strategies, drawing insights from implementation science. The goal is to facilitate the integration of research findings into everyday clinical practice to bridge the gap between research and practice in rehabilitation. (Cite this article as: Frontera WR, Cordani C, Decary S, De Groote W, Del Furia MJ, Feys P, et al.; Participants in the 5th Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological Meeting. Relevance and use of health policy, health systems and health services research for strengthening rehabilitation in real life settings: methodological considerations. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2024 Jan 22. DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.24.08386-2)

Relevance and use of health policy, health systems and health services research for strengthening rehabilitation in real-life settings: methodological considerations / W.R. Frontera, C. Cordani, S. Décary, W. DE Groote, M.J. Del Furia, P. Feys, A.M. Jette, C. Kiekens, S. Negrini, A. Oral, L. Resnik, C. Røe, C. Sabariego. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE. - ISSN 1973-9095. - 60:1(2024 Feb), pp. 154-163. [10.23736/S1973-9087.24.08386-2]

Relevance and use of health policy, health systems and health services research for strengthening rehabilitation in real-life settings: methodological considerations

C. Cordani
Secondo
;
S. Negrini;
2024

Abstract

Research on health policy, systems, and services (HPSSR) has seen significant growth in recent decades and received increasing attention in the field of rehabilitation. This growth is driven by the imperative to effectively address real-life challenges in complex healthcare settings. A recent resolution on `Strengthening rehabilitation in health systems' adopted by the World Health Assembly emphasizes the need to support societal health goals related to rehabilitation, particularly to promote high-quality rehabilitation research, including HPSSR. This conceptual paper, discussed with the participants in the 5th Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological Meeting held in Milan on September 2023, outlines study designs at diverse levels at which HPSSR studies can be conducted: the macro, meso, and micro levels. It categorizes research questions into four types: those framed from the perspective of policies, healthcare delivery organizations or systems, defined patient or provider populations, and important data sources or research methods. Illustrative examples of appropriate methodologies are provided for each type of research question, demonstrating the potential of HPSSR in shaping policies, improving healthcare delivery, and addressing patient and provider perspectives. The paper concludes by discussing the applicability, usefulness, and implementation of HPSSR findings, and the importance of knowledge translation strategies, drawing insights from implementation science. The goal is to facilitate the integration of research findings into everyday clinical practice to bridge the gap between research and practice in rehabilitation. (Cite this article as: Frontera WR, Cordani C, Decary S, De Groote W, Del Furia MJ, Feys P, et al.; Participants in the 5th Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological Meeting. Relevance and use of health policy, health systems and health services research for strengthening rehabilitation in real life settings: methodological considerations. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2024 Jan 22. DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.24.08386-2)
Health policy; Health services research; Delivery of health care; Health services; Rehabilitation; Evidence-based practice;
Settore MED/34 - Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa
Settore MED/48 -Scienze Infermie.e Tecniche Neuro-Psichiatriche e Riabilitattive
feb-2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1044369
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