Background and Aims: Digestive endoscopy is a resource -intensive activity with a conspicuous carbon footprint and an estimated rate of inappropriateness. However, the carbon costs of inappropriate endoscopic procedures still remain obscure. Here we evaluated the environmental impact of inappropriate endoscopic examinations. Methods: We calculated the carbon cost of a standard endoscopic procedure (EGD and colonoscopy [CLS]), taking into account the items (eg, disposable materials, personal protective equipment) and energy required for the endoscopy procedure itself and the cleaning process. The rates of inappropriateness and the mortality cost of carbon (MCC) of endoscopic examinations in different scenarios were calculated. Results: EGD and CLS presented a carbon cost of 5.43 kg and 6.71 kg of CO2, respectively. Different scenarios were evaluated, according to the number of endoscopic procedures performed in Italy per 1000 inhabitants and the reported data on their inappropriateness. The carbon cost of inappropriate EGD and CLS in Italy was 4133 CO2 metric tons per year (MCC, .93), ranging from 3527 to 4749, and equivalent to 1,760,446 L of gasoline consumed. Applying the same data to the European population, the estimated carbon footprint of inappropriate digestive endoscopy in Europe was 30,804 metric tons. Conclusions: The environmental impact of inappropriate endoscopic procedures in Europe is remarkable. These results highlight the need to adopt novel strategies aimed at reducing both the carbon footprint of digestive endoscopy and the rate of inappropriate procedures.

The carbon cost of inappropriate endoscopy / L. Elli, S. La Mura, A. Rimondi, L. Scaramella, G. Tontini, F. Monica, M. Soncini, M. Topa, F. Bortoluzzi, A. Sorge, F. Cavallaro, N. Nandi, D. Noviello, A. Piagnani, M. Maregatti, M. Caldato, M. Vecchi. - In: GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY. - ISSN 0016-5107. - 92:2(2024 Feb 01), pp. 137-145.e3. [10.1016/j.gie.2023.08.018]

The carbon cost of inappropriate endoscopy

L. Elli
Primo
;
G. Tontini;M. Topa;A. Sorge;N. Nandi;D. Noviello;M. Vecchi
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Background and Aims: Digestive endoscopy is a resource -intensive activity with a conspicuous carbon footprint and an estimated rate of inappropriateness. However, the carbon costs of inappropriate endoscopic procedures still remain obscure. Here we evaluated the environmental impact of inappropriate endoscopic examinations. Methods: We calculated the carbon cost of a standard endoscopic procedure (EGD and colonoscopy [CLS]), taking into account the items (eg, disposable materials, personal protective equipment) and energy required for the endoscopy procedure itself and the cleaning process. The rates of inappropriateness and the mortality cost of carbon (MCC) of endoscopic examinations in different scenarios were calculated. Results: EGD and CLS presented a carbon cost of 5.43 kg and 6.71 kg of CO2, respectively. Different scenarios were evaluated, according to the number of endoscopic procedures performed in Italy per 1000 inhabitants and the reported data on their inappropriateness. The carbon cost of inappropriate EGD and CLS in Italy was 4133 CO2 metric tons per year (MCC, .93), ranging from 3527 to 4749, and equivalent to 1,760,446 L of gasoline consumed. Applying the same data to the European population, the estimated carbon footprint of inappropriate digestive endoscopy in Europe was 30,804 metric tons. Conclusions: The environmental impact of inappropriate endoscopic procedures in Europe is remarkable. These results highlight the need to adopt novel strategies aimed at reducing both the carbon footprint of digestive endoscopy and the rate of inappropriate procedures.
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
1-feb-2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1039105
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