Objectives: This randomised clinical trial was designed and carried out with the aim to eval- uate the capacity of fluoride-substituted hydroxyapatite (HAF) toothpaste to modulate oral microflora composition and biofilm acidogenicity in schoolchildren. Methods: In all, 610 children (4 to 5 and 6 to 7 years) were enrolled. Four toothpastes were randomly administered during 24 months: 2 contained fluoride-substituted hydroxyapatite (HAF1000 and HAF1450; 1000 and 1450 ppmF) and magnesium-, strontium-, and carbonate- substituted hydroxyapatite in a chitosan matrix, and 2 were monofluorophosphate fluori- dated toothpastes (F 1000 and F1450 ; 1000 and 1450 ppmF). Caries lesions were assessed by International Caries Detection and Assessment System scores, supragingival plaque was sampled from the approximal sites between primary molars using sterile Gracey curettes for microbiological analysis, and plaque pH curves after sucrose challenge were assessed at baseline and reevaluated after 1 year and after 2 years. The minimum and maximum pH decrease was calculated for caries-free patients and participants with a caries lesion(s) at baseline and at the end of the experimental period (24 months). Differences amongst measurements were analysed with 1-way analysis of variance. Results: During the trial, the minimum pH value increased statistically significantly in all groups; in HAF1000 and HAF1450, the increase was greatest. At the end of trial, in the 2 HAF groups all pri- mary cariogenic bacteria were statistically significantly lower with respect to F groups (P = .03 for Streptococcus mutans and sobrinus, for Lactobacillus casei, and for Lactobacillus fermentum). Conclusions: The trial provides robust but still inconclusive evidence on the efficacy of HAF toothpastes compared to traditional fluoridated toothpastes to reduce caries risk factors and to prevent caries lesions.

Effects of Hydroxyapatite-Containing Toothpastes on Some Caries-Related Variables: A Randomised Clinical Trial / G. Campus, F. Cocco, R.J. Wierichs, T.G. Wolf, C. Salerno, A. Arghittu, M. Dettori, M.G. Cagetti. - In: INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0020-6539. - (2024), pp. 1-8. [10.1016/j.identj.2024.01.028]

Effects of Hydroxyapatite-Containing Toothpastes on Some Caries-Related Variables: A Randomised Clinical Trial

C. Salerno;M.G. Cagetti
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Objectives: This randomised clinical trial was designed and carried out with the aim to eval- uate the capacity of fluoride-substituted hydroxyapatite (HAF) toothpaste to modulate oral microflora composition and biofilm acidogenicity in schoolchildren. Methods: In all, 610 children (4 to 5 and 6 to 7 years) were enrolled. Four toothpastes were randomly administered during 24 months: 2 contained fluoride-substituted hydroxyapatite (HAF1000 and HAF1450; 1000 and 1450 ppmF) and magnesium-, strontium-, and carbonate- substituted hydroxyapatite in a chitosan matrix, and 2 were monofluorophosphate fluori- dated toothpastes (F 1000 and F1450 ; 1000 and 1450 ppmF). Caries lesions were assessed by International Caries Detection and Assessment System scores, supragingival plaque was sampled from the approximal sites between primary molars using sterile Gracey curettes for microbiological analysis, and plaque pH curves after sucrose challenge were assessed at baseline and reevaluated after 1 year and after 2 years. The minimum and maximum pH decrease was calculated for caries-free patients and participants with a caries lesion(s) at baseline and at the end of the experimental period (24 months). Differences amongst measurements were analysed with 1-way analysis of variance. Results: During the trial, the minimum pH value increased statistically significantly in all groups; in HAF1000 and HAF1450, the increase was greatest. At the end of trial, in the 2 HAF groups all pri- mary cariogenic bacteria were statistically significantly lower with respect to F groups (P = .03 for Streptococcus mutans and sobrinus, for Lactobacillus casei, and for Lactobacillus fermentum). Conclusions: The trial provides robust but still inconclusive evidence on the efficacy of HAF toothpastes compared to traditional fluoridated toothpastes to reduce caries risk factors and to prevent caries lesions.
Caries; Children; Fluoride; Nano-hydroxyapatite; Randomised clinical trial; Toothpaste
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
2024
6-mar-2024
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1036429
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