BACKGROUND: In clinics and the literature, there are doubts about the indications and contraindications of sports to support rehabilitation treatment for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). AIM: The aim of the study is to assess sports activities' effect and frequency in a large population of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS).DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study.SETTING: Tertiary referral institute specialized in the conservative treatment of scoliosis. POPULATION: consecutive patients in a clinical database of age >10, with juvenile or adolescent IS diagnosis, 11-25 degrees Cobb curve, Risser Bone Maturity Score 0-2, no brace prescription, radiographic follow-up radiographs at 12 +/- 3 months.METHODS: At 12-month follow-up, radiograph, we considered progression an increase of scoliosis curve >5 degrees Cobb and failure an increase to >25 degrees Cobb -need of a brace. We calculated the Relative risk (RR) to compare the outcome of participants performing sports (SPORTS) or not (NO-SPORTS). We run a logistic regression with covariate adjustment to assess the effect of sports participation frequency on the outcome. RESULTS: We included 511 patients (mean age 11.9 +/- 1.2, 415 females). Participants in the NO-SPORTS group showed a higher risk of progression (RR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.16-2.12, P=0.004) and failure (RR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.19-2.86, P=0.007) than participants in SPORTS. Logistic regression confirmed that the more frequent the sports activities, the less probable progression (P=0.0004) and failure (P=0.004) were. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that sports activities have a protective role against progression at 12-month follow-up in adolescents with milder forms of IS. Excluding high-level sports activities, the risks of progression and failure decrease with the increase in sports frequency per week. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Albeit non-specific, sports can help in the rehabilitation of patients with idiopathic scoliosis and reduce brace prescription.

Sports participation reduces the progression of idiopathic scoliosis and the need for bracing. An observational study of 511 adolescents with Risser 0-2 maturation stage / A. Negrini, S. Donzelli, M. Vanossi, M. Poggio, C. Cordani, F. Zaina, S. Negrini. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE. - ISSN 1973-9087. - 59:2(2023 Apr), pp. 222-227. [10.23736/S1973-9087.23.07489-0]

Sports participation reduces the progression of idiopathic scoliosis and the need for bracing. An observational study of 511 adolescents with Risser 0-2 maturation stage

C. Cordani;S. Negrini
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In clinics and the literature, there are doubts about the indications and contraindications of sports to support rehabilitation treatment for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). AIM: The aim of the study is to assess sports activities' effect and frequency in a large population of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS).DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study.SETTING: Tertiary referral institute specialized in the conservative treatment of scoliosis. POPULATION: consecutive patients in a clinical database of age >10, with juvenile or adolescent IS diagnosis, 11-25 degrees Cobb curve, Risser Bone Maturity Score 0-2, no brace prescription, radiographic follow-up radiographs at 12 +/- 3 months.METHODS: At 12-month follow-up, radiograph, we considered progression an increase of scoliosis curve >5 degrees Cobb and failure an increase to >25 degrees Cobb -need of a brace. We calculated the Relative risk (RR) to compare the outcome of participants performing sports (SPORTS) or not (NO-SPORTS). We run a logistic regression with covariate adjustment to assess the effect of sports participation frequency on the outcome. RESULTS: We included 511 patients (mean age 11.9 +/- 1.2, 415 females). Participants in the NO-SPORTS group showed a higher risk of progression (RR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.16-2.12, P=0.004) and failure (RR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.19-2.86, P=0.007) than participants in SPORTS. Logistic regression confirmed that the more frequent the sports activities, the less probable progression (P=0.0004) and failure (P=0.004) were. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that sports activities have a protective role against progression at 12-month follow-up in adolescents with milder forms of IS. Excluding high-level sports activities, the risks of progression and failure decrease with the increase in sports frequency per week. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Albeit non-specific, sports can help in the rehabilitation of patients with idiopathic scoliosis and reduce brace prescription.
Scoliosis; Sports; Adolescent; Exercise;
Settore MED/34 - Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa
apr-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/1000189
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