Background: Humans should sleep for about a third of their lifetime and the choice of the mattress is very important from a quality-of-life perspective. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to assess the changes of lumbar angles, evaluated in a supine position using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), on a mattress versus a rigid surface. Methods: Twenty healthy subjects (10 females, 10 males), aged 32.3 ± 6.5 (mean ± standard deviation), with body mass index 22.4 ± 2.9, completed three evaluations: (i) spine MRI in supine position on a mattress (MAT); (ii) spine MRI in supine position on rigid surface (CON); and (iii) biplanar radiographic imaging in standing position. The following indexes were calculated for both MAT and CON: lumbar lordosis angles L1-L5, L1-S1, L5-S1, and the sacral slope (SS). Further, pelvic incidence (PI) was calculated from the biplanar radiographic images. Results: Main findings were (i) L1-L5 and SS were greater in MAT than CON (L1:L5: +2.9°; SS: +2.0°); (ii) L5-S1 was lower in MAT than CON (-1.6°); (iii) L1-S1 was greater in MAT than CON only for male subjects (+2.0°); (iv) significant and positive correlations between PI and L1-L5, L1-S1 and SS were observed in both CON and MAT. Conclusions: The use of a mattress determined small but statistically significant changes in lumbar angles. Relevance statement: The use of a mattress determines small but statistically significant changes in radiological angles describing the sagittal alignment of the lumbar spine when lying in the supine position. Key points: • Lordosis angle L1-L5 was greater in MAT than in CON condition (+2.9°). • Sacral slope was greater in MAT than in CON condition (+2.0°). • Lordosis angle L5-S1 was lower in MAT than in CON condition (-1.6°).

Effect of a mattress on lumbar spine alignment in supine position in healthy subjects: an MRI study / J.A. Vitale, S. Borghi, T. Bassani, C. Messina, L.M. Sconfienza, F. Galbusera. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL. - ISSN 2509-9280. - 7:1(2023 Sep 04), pp. 47.1-47.9. [10.1186/s41747-023-00361-w]

Effect of a mattress on lumbar spine alignment in supine position in healthy subjects: an MRI study

S. Borghi
Secondo
;
T. Bassani;C. Messina;L.M. Sconfienza
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

Background: Humans should sleep for about a third of their lifetime and the choice of the mattress is very important from a quality-of-life perspective. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to assess the changes of lumbar angles, evaluated in a supine position using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), on a mattress versus a rigid surface. Methods: Twenty healthy subjects (10 females, 10 males), aged 32.3 ± 6.5 (mean ± standard deviation), with body mass index 22.4 ± 2.9, completed three evaluations: (i) spine MRI in supine position on a mattress (MAT); (ii) spine MRI in supine position on rigid surface (CON); and (iii) biplanar radiographic imaging in standing position. The following indexes were calculated for both MAT and CON: lumbar lordosis angles L1-L5, L1-S1, L5-S1, and the sacral slope (SS). Further, pelvic incidence (PI) was calculated from the biplanar radiographic images. Results: Main findings were (i) L1-L5 and SS were greater in MAT than CON (L1:L5: +2.9°; SS: +2.0°); (ii) L5-S1 was lower in MAT than CON (-1.6°); (iii) L1-S1 was greater in MAT than CON only for male subjects (+2.0°); (iv) significant and positive correlations between PI and L1-L5, L1-S1 and SS were observed in both CON and MAT. Conclusions: The use of a mattress determined small but statistically significant changes in lumbar angles. Relevance statement: The use of a mattress determines small but statistically significant changes in radiological angles describing the sagittal alignment of the lumbar spine when lying in the supine position. Key points: • Lordosis angle L1-L5 was greater in MAT than in CON condition (+2.9°). • Sacral slope was greater in MAT than in CON condition (+2.0°). • Lordosis angle L5-S1 was lower in MAT than in CON condition (-1.6°).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/997074
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