The subendothelial retention of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins is a critical step in the initiation of pro-atherosclerotic processes. Recent genetic and clinical evidence strongly supports the concept that the lipid content of the particles is secondary to the number of circulating atherogenic particles that are trapped within the arterial lumen. Since each low-density lipoproteins (LDL) particle contains one apoB molecule, as do intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles, apoB level represents the total number of atherogenic lipoproteins, which is independent of particle density, and not affected by the heterogeneity of particle cholesterol content (clinically evaluated by LDL-cholesterol level). From this perspective, apoB is proposed as a better proxy to LDL-cholesterol for assessing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk, especially in specific subgroups of patients, including subjects with diabetes mellitus, with multiple cardiometabolic risk factors (obesity, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and hypertension) and with high triglyceride levels and very low LDL-cholesterol levels. Therefore, given the causal role of LDL-cholesterol in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) development, routine measurement of both LDL-cholesterol and apoB is of utmost importance to properly estimate global cardiovascular risk and to determine the 'residual' risk of ASCVD in patients receiving therapy, as well as to monitor therapeutic effectiveness.

Apolipoprotein B compared with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases risk assessment / F. Galimberti, M. Casula, E. Olmastroni. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1096-1186. - 195:(2023), pp. 106873.1-106873.9. [10.1016/j.phrs.2023.106873]

Apolipoprotein B compared with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases risk assessment

M. Casula
Secondo
;
E. Olmastroni
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

The subendothelial retention of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins is a critical step in the initiation of pro-atherosclerotic processes. Recent genetic and clinical evidence strongly supports the concept that the lipid content of the particles is secondary to the number of circulating atherogenic particles that are trapped within the arterial lumen. Since each low-density lipoproteins (LDL) particle contains one apoB molecule, as do intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles, apoB level represents the total number of atherogenic lipoproteins, which is independent of particle density, and not affected by the heterogeneity of particle cholesterol content (clinically evaluated by LDL-cholesterol level). From this perspective, apoB is proposed as a better proxy to LDL-cholesterol for assessing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk, especially in specific subgroups of patients, including subjects with diabetes mellitus, with multiple cardiometabolic risk factors (obesity, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and hypertension) and with high triglyceride levels and very low LDL-cholesterol levels. Therefore, given the causal role of LDL-cholesterol in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) development, routine measurement of both LDL-cholesterol and apoB is of utmost importance to properly estimate global cardiovascular risk and to determine the 'residual' risk of ASCVD in patients receiving therapy, as well as to monitor therapeutic effectiveness.
Apolipoprotein B; Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases risk; Cholesterol content; Low-density lipoprotein; Particle number
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
2023
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/997068
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