Given the aging of general population, very elderly females with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) are not rarely encountered in clinical practice. Although coronary angiography with left ventriculography is the gold standard diagnostic tool to exclude or confirm TTS, currently, this invasive procedure is less frequently performed in older patients with several comorbidities, such as renal failure, anemia, infections, neurological disorders, malignancy, and severe frailty. In these patients, a "presumed" TTS is diagnosed on the basis of clinical presentation, electrocardiogram, cardiac biomarkers, and echocardiographic findings without coronary angiography. While, in younger patients, TTS is generally a benign condition, in very elderly females, it is associated with higher in-hospital mortality and poor prognosis. Herein, we present four cases of ultra-octogenarian females diagnosed with "presumed TTS", who did not undergo coronary angiography due to severe frailty and multiple comorbidities and who exhibited poor outcome. This could arise the question if an early more aggressive approach could have changed final results. Probably, the solution could only be a personalized decision deriving from a profound and detailed discussion of each case through a multidisciplinary team approach.
Presumed Takotsubo syndrome is associated with high in-hospital mortality in very elderly frail females: a case series / A. Sonaglioni, M. Lombardo, E. Grasso, G.L. Nicolosi, N. Foti, C. Lonati, S. Harari. - In: AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1594-0667. - (2023), pp. 1-6. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s40520-023-02517-5]