Aim To examine the trajectory of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) using data from the European Cystic Fibrosis Society patient registry (ECFPR) collected from 2008 to 2016, i.e. the era before highly effective modulator therapy (HEMT). We evaluated risk factors for FEV1 decline.Methods The study population included patients with a confirmed diagnosis of cystic fibrosis recorded in the ECFPR (2008-2016). The evolution of FEV1 % predicted (þV1) with age, and the yearly change in þV1 were evaluated. Risk factors considered were cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutation class, gender, age at diagnosis, neonatal screening, meconium ileus, sweat chloride concentration at diagnosis and country's income level.Results We used 199 604 FEV1 recordings from 38 734 patients. The fastest decline was seen during puberty and in patients diagnosed before the age of 10 years. Males had a higher þV1, but a higher yearly þV1 loss between the ages of 15 and 25 years. We showed stabilisation and even improvement in þV1 over age in adults with a class III CFTR mutation, but a steady decline in patients homozygous for F508del or with both mutations of classes I/II. A faster decline in þV1 was found in patients from low-income countries compared to a similar þV1 evolution in patients from middle- and high-income countries.Conclusions These longitudinal FEV1 data reflect the reality of cystic fibrosis across Europe in the era preHEMT, and can serve as baseline for comparison with the post-HEMT era. The similar evolution in middle- and high-income countries underlines opportunities for low-income countries.

Risk factors for forced expiratory volume in 1 s decline in European patients with cystic fibrosis: data from the European Cystic Fibrosis Society Patient Registry / E. Hatziagorou, S. Fieuws, A. Orenti, L. Naehrlich, U. Krivec, M. Mei-Zahav, A. Jung, K. De Boeck. - In: ERJ OPEN RESEARCH. - ISSN 2312-0541. - 9:3(2023), pp. 00449-2022.1-00449-2022.13. [10.1183/23120541.00449-2022]

Risk factors for forced expiratory volume in 1 s decline in European patients with cystic fibrosis: data from the European Cystic Fibrosis Society Patient Registry

A. Orenti;
2023

Abstract

Aim To examine the trajectory of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) using data from the European Cystic Fibrosis Society patient registry (ECFPR) collected from 2008 to 2016, i.e. the era before highly effective modulator therapy (HEMT). We evaluated risk factors for FEV1 decline.Methods The study population included patients with a confirmed diagnosis of cystic fibrosis recorded in the ECFPR (2008-2016). The evolution of FEV1 % predicted (þV1) with age, and the yearly change in þV1 were evaluated. Risk factors considered were cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutation class, gender, age at diagnosis, neonatal screening, meconium ileus, sweat chloride concentration at diagnosis and country's income level.Results We used 199 604 FEV1 recordings from 38 734 patients. The fastest decline was seen during puberty and in patients diagnosed before the age of 10 years. Males had a higher þV1, but a higher yearly þV1 loss between the ages of 15 and 25 years. We showed stabilisation and even improvement in þV1 over age in adults with a class III CFTR mutation, but a steady decline in patients homozygous for F508del or with both mutations of classes I/II. A faster decline in þV1 was found in patients from low-income countries compared to a similar þV1 evolution in patients from middle- and high-income countries.Conclusions These longitudinal FEV1 data reflect the reality of cystic fibrosis across Europe in the era preHEMT, and can serve as baseline for comparison with the post-HEMT era. The similar evolution in middle- and high-income countries underlines opportunities for low-income countries.
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
2023
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Hatziagorou - Risk factors for FEV1 decline in ECFSPR.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Original Research Article
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 814.79 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
814.79 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/987753
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact