Background and aim: Hypertension (HTN) is common among obese children and adolescents and increases their cardiovascular risk later in adulthood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of HTN identified by office blood pressure (BP) measurement and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) in a cohort of obese children and adolescents and its association with anthropometric and glycometabolic indices. Methods and results: Seventy consecutive obese Caucasian children and adolescents aged 7-16 years were enrolled. Patients underwent ABPM, echocardiogram and carotid ultrasonography. Sex- and age-adjusted logistic multivariable analysis models were used to assess the association between HOMA-IR, HOMA-β, QUICKI with HTN at ABPM. Receiver Operation Curve (ROC) analysis with Youden J statistics was used to identify the optimal HOMA-IR, HOMA-β and QUICKI cut-off to predict HTN at ABPM. Hypertensive office BP was found in 25.7% of obese patients. ABPM diagnosed HTN in 34.9% of patients: 20.6% of obese patients had masked HTN (MHTN), and 12.7% had white coat HTN (WCH). Hypertensive obese patients (according to ABPM) had higher HOMA-IR and HOMA-β, and a lower QUICKI than normotensive subjects. HOMA-IR, HOMA-β and QUICKI predicted HTN at ABPM in obese patients in age- and sex-adjusted logistic multivariable models. Optimal cut-offs to predict HTN at ABPM in obese patients were: HOMA-IR ≥ 3.30, HOMA-β ≥ 226.7 and QUICKI <0.33, with high sensitivity. Conclusions: A sequential testing strategy applying office BP and glycometabolic indices can identify hypertensive obese pediatric patients with high diagnostic accuracy and potentially reducing costs. This strategy needs validation in an external and larger cohort.

Hypertension in a cohort of obese Caucasian children and adolescents and its association with glycometabolic indices: A proposed screening tool / S. Vizzuso, A. Del Torto, G. Fiore, C. Milanta, G. Locatelli, A. D'Errico, A. Diamanti, A. Bosetti, A.M. Colli, S. Carugo, G. Zuccotti, E. Verduci. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 1590-3729. - 33:4(2023 Jan), pp. 900-912. [10.1016/j.numecd.2023.01.001]

Hypertension in a cohort of obese Caucasian children and adolescents and its association with glycometabolic indices: A proposed screening tool

G. Fiore;C. Milanta;A.M. Colli;S. Carugo;G. Zuccotti;E. Verduci
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background and aim: Hypertension (HTN) is common among obese children and adolescents and increases their cardiovascular risk later in adulthood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of HTN identified by office blood pressure (BP) measurement and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) in a cohort of obese children and adolescents and its association with anthropometric and glycometabolic indices. Methods and results: Seventy consecutive obese Caucasian children and adolescents aged 7-16 years were enrolled. Patients underwent ABPM, echocardiogram and carotid ultrasonography. Sex- and age-adjusted logistic multivariable analysis models were used to assess the association between HOMA-IR, HOMA-β, QUICKI with HTN at ABPM. Receiver Operation Curve (ROC) analysis with Youden J statistics was used to identify the optimal HOMA-IR, HOMA-β and QUICKI cut-off to predict HTN at ABPM. Hypertensive office BP was found in 25.7% of obese patients. ABPM diagnosed HTN in 34.9% of patients: 20.6% of obese patients had masked HTN (MHTN), and 12.7% had white coat HTN (WCH). Hypertensive obese patients (according to ABPM) had higher HOMA-IR and HOMA-β, and a lower QUICKI than normotensive subjects. HOMA-IR, HOMA-β and QUICKI predicted HTN at ABPM in obese patients in age- and sex-adjusted logistic multivariable models. Optimal cut-offs to predict HTN at ABPM in obese patients were: HOMA-IR ≥ 3.30, HOMA-β ≥ 226.7 and QUICKI <0.33, with high sensitivity. Conclusions: A sequential testing strategy applying office BP and glycometabolic indices can identify hypertensive obese pediatric patients with high diagnostic accuracy and potentially reducing costs. This strategy needs validation in an external and larger cohort.
Cardiovascular risk; Hypertension; Pediatric obesity
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
gen-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/980810
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