Purpose of review This review analyzes the different ways of applying the subscapular system of flaps (SSSF) as a convenient and versatile solution for a large variety of head and neck oncologic defects. Recent findings The ventral approach permits safe and efficient harvest of various chimeric SSSF in a supine position, thus allowing simultaneous flap preparation and tumor ablation. Conformational studies have revealed how similar the tip of the scapula is to the hard palate in terms of dimensions, shape, and conformation. This has led to favor horizontal placement of the scapular tip for palate reconstruction in most instances, addressing the vertical extension of the postmaxillectomy defect using denuded bony grafts surrounded by well vascularized chimeric muscular components. The SSSF possesses an unparalleled versatility to efficiently address small-medium sized soft tissue defects up to vast and complex composite resections. The chimeric components of these flaps benefit from a considerable independency provided by the length of the named arteries arising from the thoracodorsal pedicle, offering a high degree of freedom to accomplish the required in-setting. This reconstructive option should be implemented in every head and neck surgical team and offered to suitable patients.

Versatility of the subscapular system of flaps in head and neck oncologic reconstruction / A. Deganello, V. Rampinelli, T. Gualtieri, C. Piazza. - In: CURRENT OPINION IN OTOLARYNGOLOGY & HEAD AND NECK SURGERY. - ISSN 1068-9508. - 30:2(2022), pp. 161-167. [10.1097/MOO.0000000000000771]

Versatility of the subscapular system of flaps in head and neck oncologic reconstruction

A. Deganello;
2022

Abstract

Purpose of review This review analyzes the different ways of applying the subscapular system of flaps (SSSF) as a convenient and versatile solution for a large variety of head and neck oncologic defects. Recent findings The ventral approach permits safe and efficient harvest of various chimeric SSSF in a supine position, thus allowing simultaneous flap preparation and tumor ablation. Conformational studies have revealed how similar the tip of the scapula is to the hard palate in terms of dimensions, shape, and conformation. This has led to favor horizontal placement of the scapular tip for palate reconstruction in most instances, addressing the vertical extension of the postmaxillectomy defect using denuded bony grafts surrounded by well vascularized chimeric muscular components. The SSSF possesses an unparalleled versatility to efficiently address small-medium sized soft tissue defects up to vast and complex composite resections. The chimeric components of these flaps benefit from a considerable independency provided by the length of the named arteries arising from the thoracodorsal pedicle, offering a high degree of freedom to accomplish the required in-setting. This reconstructive option should be implemented in every head and neck surgical team and offered to suitable patients.
chimeric free flap; latissimus dorsi flap; maxillary reconstruction; oromandibular reconstruction; parascapular free flap; scapular tip free flap
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
2022
2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/976868
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