Distant metastasis occurs when cancer cells adapt to a tissue microenvironment that is different from the primary organ. This process requires genetic and epigenetic changes in cancer cells and the concomitant modification of the tumor stroma to facilitate invasion by metastatic cells. In this study, we analyzed differences in the epigenome of brain metastasis from the colon (n = 4) and lung (n = 14) cancer and we compared these signatures with those found in primary tumors. Results show that CRC tumors showed a high degree of genome-wide methylation compared to lung cancers. Further, brain metastasis from lung cancer deeply activates neural signatures able to modify the brain microenvironment favoring tumor cells adaptation. At the protein level, brain metastases from lung cancer show expression of the neural/glial marker Nestin. On the other hand, colon brain metastases show activation of metabolic signaling. These signatures are specific for metastatic tumors since primary cancers did not show such epigenetic derangements. In conclusion, our data shed light on the epi/molecular mechanisms that colon and lung cancers adopt to thrive in the brain environment.

Epigenetic Rewiring of Metastatic Cancer to the Brain: Focus on Lung and Colon Cancers / A. Morotti, F. Gentile, G. Lopez, G. Passignani, L. Valenti, M. Locatelli, M. Caroli, C. Fanizzi, S. Ferrero, V. Vaira. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 15:7(2023 Apr 04), pp. 2145.1-2145.12. [10.3390/cancers15072145]

Epigenetic Rewiring of Metastatic Cancer to the Brain: Focus on Lung and Colon Cancers

A. Morotti
Primo
;
G. Lopez;L. Valenti;M. Locatelli;C. Fanizzi;S. Ferrero
Penultimo
;
V. Vaira
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Distant metastasis occurs when cancer cells adapt to a tissue microenvironment that is different from the primary organ. This process requires genetic and epigenetic changes in cancer cells and the concomitant modification of the tumor stroma to facilitate invasion by metastatic cells. In this study, we analyzed differences in the epigenome of brain metastasis from the colon (n = 4) and lung (n = 14) cancer and we compared these signatures with those found in primary tumors. Results show that CRC tumors showed a high degree of genome-wide methylation compared to lung cancers. Further, brain metastasis from lung cancer deeply activates neural signatures able to modify the brain microenvironment favoring tumor cells adaptation. At the protein level, brain metastases from lung cancer show expression of the neural/glial marker Nestin. On the other hand, colon brain metastases show activation of metabolic signaling. These signatures are specific for metastatic tumors since primary cancers did not show such epigenetic derangements. In conclusion, our data shed light on the epi/molecular mechanisms that colon and lung cancers adopt to thrive in the brain environment.
brain metastases; colorectal cancer; epigenetics; lung cancer; methylation;
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
4-apr-2023
https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/15/7/2145
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/975529
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