Background and aims: The aims of this study were to assess prescription patterns, dosages, discontinuation rates and association with prognosis of conventional heart failure (HF) medications in patients with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA). Methods: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients diagnosed with ATTR-CA at the National Amyloidosis Centre between 2000-2022 identified 2371 patients with ATTR-CA. Results: Prescription of HF medications was greater among patients with a more severe cardiac phenotype, comprising beta-blockers in 55.4%, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi)/angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARB) in 57.4%, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in 39.0% of cases. During a median follow-up of 27.8 months (IQR 10.6-51.3), 21.7% had beta-blockers discontinued, and 32.9% had ACEi/ARB discontinued. In contrast, only 7.5% had MRAs discontinued. Propensity score-matched analysis demonstrated that treatment with MRAs was independently associated with a reduced risk of mortality in the overall population (HR 0.77 [95% CI 0.66-0.89], P<0.001) and in a pre-specified subgroup of patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40% (HR 0.75 [95% CI 0.63-0.90], P=0.002); and treatment with low-dose beta-blockers was independently associated with a reduced risk of mortality in a pre-specified subgroup of patients with a LVEF ≤40% (HR 0.61 [95% CI 0.45-0.83], P=0.002). No convincing differences were found for treatment with ACEi/ARBs. Conclusions: Conventional HF medications are currently not widely prescribed in ATTR-CA, and those that received medication had more severe cardiac disease. Beta-blockers and ACEi/ARBs were often discontinued, but low-dose beta-blockers were associated with reduced risk of mortality in patients with a LVEF ≤40%. In contrast, MRAs were rarely discontinued and were associated with reduced risk of mortality in the overall population; but these findings require confirmation in prospective randomized controlled trials.

Conventional heart failure therapy in cardiac ATTR amyloidosis / A. Ioannou, P. Massa, R.K. Patel, Y. Razvi, A. Porcari, M.U. Rauf, A. Jiang, G. Cabras, S. Filisetti, R.E. Bolhuis, F. Bandera, L. Venneri, A. Martinez-Naharro, S. Law, T. Kotecha, R. Virsinskaite, D.S. Knight, M. Emdin, A. Petrie, H. Lachmann, A. Wechelakar, M. Petrie, A. Hughes, N. Freemantle, P.N. Hawkins, C. Whelan, J.J. Mcmurray, J.D. Gillmore, M. Fontana. - In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL. - ISSN 0195-668X. - (2023). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1093/eurheartj/ehad347]

Conventional heart failure therapy in cardiac ATTR amyloidosis

F. Bandera;
2023

Abstract

Background and aims: The aims of this study were to assess prescription patterns, dosages, discontinuation rates and association with prognosis of conventional heart failure (HF) medications in patients with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA). Methods: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients diagnosed with ATTR-CA at the National Amyloidosis Centre between 2000-2022 identified 2371 patients with ATTR-CA. Results: Prescription of HF medications was greater among patients with a more severe cardiac phenotype, comprising beta-blockers in 55.4%, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi)/angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARB) in 57.4%, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in 39.0% of cases. During a median follow-up of 27.8 months (IQR 10.6-51.3), 21.7% had beta-blockers discontinued, and 32.9% had ACEi/ARB discontinued. In contrast, only 7.5% had MRAs discontinued. Propensity score-matched analysis demonstrated that treatment with MRAs was independently associated with a reduced risk of mortality in the overall population (HR 0.77 [95% CI 0.66-0.89], P<0.001) and in a pre-specified subgroup of patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40% (HR 0.75 [95% CI 0.63-0.90], P=0.002); and treatment with low-dose beta-blockers was independently associated with a reduced risk of mortality in a pre-specified subgroup of patients with a LVEF ≤40% (HR 0.61 [95% CI 0.45-0.83], P=0.002). No convincing differences were found for treatment with ACEi/ARBs. Conclusions: Conventional HF medications are currently not widely prescribed in ATTR-CA, and those that received medication had more severe cardiac disease. Beta-blockers and ACEi/ARBs were often discontinued, but low-dose beta-blockers were associated with reduced risk of mortality in patients with a LVEF ≤40%. In contrast, MRAs were rarely discontinued and were associated with reduced risk of mortality in the overall population; but these findings require confirmation in prospective randomized controlled trials.
Beta-blockers; Cardiac ATTR amyloidosis; Heart failure; Heart failure medications; Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
2023
22-mag-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/972651
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