Background: Administration of supplemental oxygen is a life-saving treatment in critically ill patients. Still, optimal dosing remains unclear during sepsis. The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to assess the association between hyperoxemia and 90-day mortality in a large cohort of septic patients. Methods: This is a post-hoc analysis of the Albumin Italian Outcome Sepsis (ALBIOS) randomized controlled trial (RCT). Patients with sepsis who survived the first 48 h since randomization were included and stratified into two groups according to their average PaO2 levels during the first 48 h (PaO2 0–48h). The cut-off value was established at 100 mmHg (average PaO2 0–48h >100 mmHg: hyperoxemia group; PaO2 0–48h≤100: normoxemia group). The primary outcome was 90-day mortality. Results: 1632 patients were included in this analysis (661 patients in the hyperoxemia group, 971 patients in the normoxemia group). Concerning the primary outcome, 344 (35.4%) patients in the hyperoxemia group vs. 236 (35.7%) in the normoxemia group had died within 90 days from randomization (p = 0.909). No association was found after adjusting for confounders (HR 0.87; CI [95%] 0.736–1.028, p = 0.102) or after excluding patients with hypoxemia at enrollment, patients with lung infection or including post-surgical patients only. Conversely, we found an association between lower risk of 90-day mortality and hyperoxemia in the subgroup including patients who had the lung as primary site of infection (HR 0.72; CI [95%] 0.565–0.918). Mortality at 28 days, ICU mortality, incidence of acute kidney injury, use of renal replacement therapy, days to suspension of vasopressor or inotropic agents, and resolution of primary and secondary infections did not differ significantly. Duration of mechanical ventilation and length of stay in ICU were significantly longer in patients with hyperoxemia. Conclusions: In a post-hoc analysis of a RCT enrolling septic patients, hyperoxemia as average PaO2>100 mmHg during the first 48 h was not associated with patients’ survival.

Effects of hyperoxemia in patients with sepsis – A post-hoc analysis of a multicentre randomized clinical trial / G. Catalisano, M. Ippolito, A. Blanda, J. Meessen, A. Giarratano, N. Todesco, V. Bonato, F. Restuccia, J. Montomoli, G. Fiore, G. Grasselli, P. Caironi, R. Latini, A. Cortegiani. - In: PULMONOLOGY. - ISSN 2531-0429. - (2023), pp. 1-7. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.pulmoe.2023.02.005]

Effects of hyperoxemia in patients with sepsis – A post-hoc analysis of a multicentre randomized clinical trial

G. Grasselli;
2023

Abstract

Background: Administration of supplemental oxygen is a life-saving treatment in critically ill patients. Still, optimal dosing remains unclear during sepsis. The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to assess the association between hyperoxemia and 90-day mortality in a large cohort of septic patients. Methods: This is a post-hoc analysis of the Albumin Italian Outcome Sepsis (ALBIOS) randomized controlled trial (RCT). Patients with sepsis who survived the first 48 h since randomization were included and stratified into two groups according to their average PaO2 levels during the first 48 h (PaO2 0–48h). The cut-off value was established at 100 mmHg (average PaO2 0–48h >100 mmHg: hyperoxemia group; PaO2 0–48h≤100: normoxemia group). The primary outcome was 90-day mortality. Results: 1632 patients were included in this analysis (661 patients in the hyperoxemia group, 971 patients in the normoxemia group). Concerning the primary outcome, 344 (35.4%) patients in the hyperoxemia group vs. 236 (35.7%) in the normoxemia group had died within 90 days from randomization (p = 0.909). No association was found after adjusting for confounders (HR 0.87; CI [95%] 0.736–1.028, p = 0.102) or after excluding patients with hypoxemia at enrollment, patients with lung infection or including post-surgical patients only. Conversely, we found an association between lower risk of 90-day mortality and hyperoxemia in the subgroup including patients who had the lung as primary site of infection (HR 0.72; CI [95%] 0.565–0.918). Mortality at 28 days, ICU mortality, incidence of acute kidney injury, use of renal replacement therapy, days to suspension of vasopressor or inotropic agents, and resolution of primary and secondary infections did not differ significantly. Duration of mechanical ventilation and length of stay in ICU were significantly longer in patients with hyperoxemia. Conclusions: In a post-hoc analysis of a RCT enrolling septic patients, hyperoxemia as average PaO2>100 mmHg during the first 48 h was not associated with patients’ survival.
Hyperoxemia; Hyperoxia; Sepsis; Septic shock
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
2023
11-mar-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/970834
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