We use data from Italy to study the political and social impact of a refugee reception policy (SPRAR) directly managed by local governments, whose features recall the conditions of the contact theory (Allport, 1954). Instrumental variables estimates indicate that municipalities that opened a refugee center between the 2013 and 2018 national elections experienced a change in the vote shares of extreme-right parties that is approximately 7 percentage points lower compared to municipalities that did not open a refugee center. We document that the positive impact of SPRARs on ‘‘compositional amenities’’ (i.e., local schools) and population growth allows explaining the negative impact on anti-immigrant prejudice. Finally, we provide evidence of spillovers in prejudice reduction in neighboring municipalities without a SPRAR.

Refugee reception, extreme-right voting, and compositional amenities: Evidence from Italian municipalities / M. Gamalerio, M. Luca, A. Romarri, M. Viskanic. - In: REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0166-0462. - 100:(2023), pp. 103892.1-103892.17. [10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2023.103892]

Refugee reception, extreme-right voting, and compositional amenities: Evidence from Italian municipalities

A. Romarri
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

We use data from Italy to study the political and social impact of a refugee reception policy (SPRAR) directly managed by local governments, whose features recall the conditions of the contact theory (Allport, 1954). Instrumental variables estimates indicate that municipalities that opened a refugee center between the 2013 and 2018 national elections experienced a change in the vote shares of extreme-right parties that is approximately 7 percentage points lower compared to municipalities that did not open a refugee center. We document that the positive impact of SPRARs on ‘‘compositional amenities’’ (i.e., local schools) and population growth allows explaining the negative impact on anti-immigrant prejudice. Finally, we provide evidence of spillovers in prejudice reduction in neighboring municipalities without a SPRAR.
Compositional amenities; Far-right parties; Refugee reception; Spillover effects
Settore SECS-P/01 - Economia Politica
Settore SECS-P/06 - Economia Applicata
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/970601
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