This study aimed to compare the contamination from plastics and non-synthetic particles in the three freshwater bivalve mollusks Unio elongatulus, (native) and Corbicula fluminea and Dreissena polymorpha (invasive), collected in Lake Maggiore, the second greatest Italian lake. Organisms were collected from eight sites located throughout the lake, during three years (2019-2021). The quali-quantitative characterization of particles has been carried out using a Fourier Transform Infrared Microscope System (μFT-IR). Results showed that both plastics and non-synthetic particles released in the water are taken up by bivalves, even though low intake-up to 6 particles/individuals-were measured for all the three species. Microfibers of both synthetic (polyester, polyamide) and natural (cellulose) origin represented the particles mostly ingested by bivalves. A significant decrease of particle loads was observed in 2020 with respect to 2019 and 2021, significantly different for D. polymorpha and U. elongatulus, suggesting a transient reduction of the particle release in the lake in this year. Our findings highlight the need to improve the understanding of the mechanisms of uptake and clearance of these contaminants by filter feeding organisms, and their adverse consequences in realistic environmental conditions.

First comparative assessment of contamination by plastics and non-synthetic particles in three bivalve species from an Italian sub-alpine lake / C. Della Torre, N. Riccardi, S. Magni, V. Modesto, M. Fossati, A. Binelli. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. - ISSN 0269-7491. - 330:(2023 Aug 01), pp. 121752.1-121752.9. [10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121752]

First comparative assessment of contamination by plastics and non-synthetic particles in three bivalve species from an Italian sub-alpine lake

C. Della Torre
Primo
;
S. Magni;M. Fossati
Penultimo
;
A. Binelli
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

This study aimed to compare the contamination from plastics and non-synthetic particles in the three freshwater bivalve mollusks Unio elongatulus, (native) and Corbicula fluminea and Dreissena polymorpha (invasive), collected in Lake Maggiore, the second greatest Italian lake. Organisms were collected from eight sites located throughout the lake, during three years (2019-2021). The quali-quantitative characterization of particles has been carried out using a Fourier Transform Infrared Microscope System (μFT-IR). Results showed that both plastics and non-synthetic particles released in the water are taken up by bivalves, even though low intake-up to 6 particles/individuals-were measured for all the three species. Microfibers of both synthetic (polyester, polyamide) and natural (cellulose) origin represented the particles mostly ingested by bivalves. A significant decrease of particle loads was observed in 2020 with respect to 2019 and 2021, significantly different for D. polymorpha and U. elongatulus, suggesting a transient reduction of the particle release in the lake in this year. Our findings highlight the need to improve the understanding of the mechanisms of uptake and clearance of these contaminants by filter feeding organisms, and their adverse consequences in realistic environmental conditions.
Anthropogenic particles; Ecotoxicology; Fibers; Freshwater bivalves; Plastics;
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
1-ago-2023
6-mag-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/968978
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