The gut is continuously invaded by diverse bacteria from the diet and the environment, yet microbiome composition is relatively stable over time for host species ranging from mammals to insects, suggesting host-specific fac- tors may selectively maintain key species of bacteria. To investigate host specificity, we used gnotobiotic Drosophila, microbial pulse-chase protocols, and microscopy to investigate the stability of different strains of bacteria in the fly gut. We show that a host-constructed physical niche in the foregut selec- tively binds bacteria with strain-level specificity, stabilizing their colonization. Primary colonizers saturate the niche and exclude secondary colonizers of the same strain, but initial colonization by Lactobacillus species physically remo- dels the niche through production of a glycan-rich secretion to favor sec- ondary colonization by unrelated commensals in the Acetobacter genus. Our results provide a mechanistic framework for understanding the establishment and stability of a multi-species intestinal microbiome.

A symbiotic physical niche in Drosophila melanogaster regulates stable association of a multi-species gut microbiota / R. Dodge, E.W. Jones, H. Zhu, B. Obadia, D.J. Martinez, C. Wang, A. Aranda-Díaz, K. Aumiller, Z. Liu, M. Voltolini, E.L. Brodie, K.C. Huang, J.M. Carlson, D.A. Sivak, A.C. Spradling, W.B. Ludington. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 14:1(2023), pp. 1557.1-1557.13. [10.1038/s41467-023-36942-x]

A symbiotic physical niche in Drosophila melanogaster regulates stable association of a multi-species gut microbiota

M. Voltolini;
2023

Abstract

The gut is continuously invaded by diverse bacteria from the diet and the environment, yet microbiome composition is relatively stable over time for host species ranging from mammals to insects, suggesting host-specific fac- tors may selectively maintain key species of bacteria. To investigate host specificity, we used gnotobiotic Drosophila, microbial pulse-chase protocols, and microscopy to investigate the stability of different strains of bacteria in the fly gut. We show that a host-constructed physical niche in the foregut selec- tively binds bacteria with strain-level specificity, stabilizing their colonization. Primary colonizers saturate the niche and exclude secondary colonizers of the same strain, but initial colonization by Lactobacillus species physically remo- dels the niche through production of a glycan-rich secretion to favor sec- ondary colonization by unrelated commensals in the Acetobacter genus. Our results provide a mechanistic framework for understanding the establishment and stability of a multi-species intestinal microbiome.
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
2023
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/959216
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