Simple Summary We reviewed 21 epidemiological studies on breast cancer risk and exposure to traffic-related air pollution. The exposure assessment methodologies were heterogeneous. There was variability across studies on temporal concordance between the exposure periods relevant to breast cancer and the time period of the exposure assessment. There was little evidence of an association between traffic-related air pollution estimated with proxies and breast cancer risk. The random-effects meta-analysis of 13 studies on NO2 and NOx exposure showed an increased risk of breast cancer with NO2 exposure. Current evidence of an association of breast cancer (BC) risk with air pollution exposure, in particular from traffic exhaust, remains inconclusive, and the exposure assessment methodologies are heterogeneous. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and BC incidence (PROSPERO CRD42021286774). We systematically reviewed observational studies assessing exposure to TRAP and BC risk published until June 2022, available on Medline/PubMed and Web of Science databases. Studies using models for assessing exposure to traffic-related air pollutants or using exposure proxies (including traffic density, distance to road, etc.) were eligible for inclusion. A random-effects meta-analysis of studies investigating the association between NO2/NOx exposure and BC risk was conducted. Overall, 21 studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included (seven case-control, one nested case-control, 13 cohort studies); 13 studies (five case-control, eight cohort) provided data for inclusion in the meta-analyses. Individual studies provided little evidence of an association between TRAP and BC risk; exposure assessment methods and time periods of traffic emissions were different. The meta-estimate on NO2 exposure indicated a positive association (pooled relative risk per 10 mu g/m(3) of NO2: 1.015; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.003; 1.028). No association between NOx exposure and BC was found (three studies). Although there was limited evidence of an association for TRAP estimated with proxies, the meta-analysis showed a significant association between NO2 exposure, a common TRAP pollutant marker, and BC risk, yet with a small effect size. Our findings provide additional support for air pollution carcinogenicity.

Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Breast Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies / D. Praud, F. Deygas, A. Amadou, M. Bouilly, F. Turati, F. Bravi, T. Xu, L. Grassot, T. Coudon, B. Fervers. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 15:3(2023 Feb 01), pp. 927.1-927.19. [10.3390/cancers15030927]

Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Breast Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

F. Turati;F. Bravi;
2023

Abstract

Simple Summary We reviewed 21 epidemiological studies on breast cancer risk and exposure to traffic-related air pollution. The exposure assessment methodologies were heterogeneous. There was variability across studies on temporal concordance between the exposure periods relevant to breast cancer and the time period of the exposure assessment. There was little evidence of an association between traffic-related air pollution estimated with proxies and breast cancer risk. The random-effects meta-analysis of 13 studies on NO2 and NOx exposure showed an increased risk of breast cancer with NO2 exposure. Current evidence of an association of breast cancer (BC) risk with air pollution exposure, in particular from traffic exhaust, remains inconclusive, and the exposure assessment methodologies are heterogeneous. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and BC incidence (PROSPERO CRD42021286774). We systematically reviewed observational studies assessing exposure to TRAP and BC risk published until June 2022, available on Medline/PubMed and Web of Science databases. Studies using models for assessing exposure to traffic-related air pollutants or using exposure proxies (including traffic density, distance to road, etc.) were eligible for inclusion. A random-effects meta-analysis of studies investigating the association between NO2/NOx exposure and BC risk was conducted. Overall, 21 studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included (seven case-control, one nested case-control, 13 cohort studies); 13 studies (five case-control, eight cohort) provided data for inclusion in the meta-analyses. Individual studies provided little evidence of an association between TRAP and BC risk; exposure assessment methods and time periods of traffic emissions were different. The meta-estimate on NO2 exposure indicated a positive association (pooled relative risk per 10 mu g/m(3) of NO2: 1.015; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.003; 1.028). No association between NOx exposure and BC was found (three studies). Although there was limited evidence of an association for TRAP estimated with proxies, the meta-analysis showed a significant association between NO2 exposure, a common TRAP pollutant marker, and BC risk, yet with a small effect size. Our findings provide additional support for air pollution carcinogenicity.
air pollution; breast cancer; epidemiology; meta-analysis; nitrogen dioxide; traffic
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
1-feb-2023
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/958976
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