Adherence to Mediterranean diet has been consistently associated with a reduced mortality in the general population, but evidence for women with breast cancer is scanty. Methods: A cohort of 1453 women with breast cancer diagnosed between 1991 and 1994 in northern Italy was followed-up for vital status for 15 years after diagnosis. The pre-diagnostic habitual diet was assessed through a structured questionnaire and adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated through the Mediterranean Diet Score. Hazard ratios (HR) of death with confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox model, adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Compared to women who scarcely adhere to the Mediterranean diet (n = 332, 22.8%), those highly adherent (n = 500, 34.4%) reported higher intakes of carbohydrates, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, folate, and carotenoids, and lower intakes of cholesterol and animal proteins. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a better prognosis: 15-year overall survival of 63.1% for high and 53.6% for low adherence, respectively (p = 0.013). HR for all-cause mortality was 0.72 (95% CI: 0.57-0.92) and HR for breast cancer mortality was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.43-0.98) for women 55 years and older. No significant association emerged for breast cancer mortality in the total cohort. Conclusions: Although dietary habits may have changed after breast cancer diagnosis, these findings indicate that women who ate according to the Mediterranean dietary pattern prior to their diagnosis may have greater chance of a favorable prognosis after breast cancer diagnosis compared to those who did not.

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Mortality after Breast Cancer / M. Di Maso, L. Dal Maso, L.S.A. Augustin, A. Puppo, F. Falcini, C. Stocco, V. Mattioli, D. Serraino, J. Polesel. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:12(2020 Nov 27), pp. 3649.1-3649.11. [10.3390/nu12123649]

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Mortality after Breast Cancer

M. Di Maso
Primo
;
L. Dal Maso;
2020

Abstract

Adherence to Mediterranean diet has been consistently associated with a reduced mortality in the general population, but evidence for women with breast cancer is scanty. Methods: A cohort of 1453 women with breast cancer diagnosed between 1991 and 1994 in northern Italy was followed-up for vital status for 15 years after diagnosis. The pre-diagnostic habitual diet was assessed through a structured questionnaire and adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated through the Mediterranean Diet Score. Hazard ratios (HR) of death with confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox model, adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Compared to women who scarcely adhere to the Mediterranean diet (n = 332, 22.8%), those highly adherent (n = 500, 34.4%) reported higher intakes of carbohydrates, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, folate, and carotenoids, and lower intakes of cholesterol and animal proteins. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a better prognosis: 15-year overall survival of 63.1% for high and 53.6% for low adherence, respectively (p = 0.013). HR for all-cause mortality was 0.72 (95% CI: 0.57-0.92) and HR for breast cancer mortality was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.43-0.98) for women 55 years and older. No significant association emerged for breast cancer mortality in the total cohort. Conclusions: Although dietary habits may have changed after breast cancer diagnosis, these findings indicate that women who ate according to the Mediterranean dietary pattern prior to their diagnosis may have greater chance of a favorable prognosis after breast cancer diagnosis compared to those who did not.
Mediterranean diet; breast cancer; mortality; survival
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
27-nov-2020
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
21.DiMaso2020Nutrients.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Article
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 554.62 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
554.62 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/955965
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact