The effects of the hypocaloric diet under hospitalization on blood biochemical parameters (lipid, glycaemic, thyroid and liver profiles) were not reported in literature. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a hypocaloric diet under hospitalisation in obese patients. A total of 151 obese subjects (49 males and 102 females, aged 69.38 ± 14.1 years, BMI 41.78 ± 7.1) were enrolled in this study. Participants were treated with an hypocaloric diet for a maximum period of 3 months. Outcomes were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the recovery period. The average duration of the hospitalisation was 47.5 days ± 1.3. The effect of the diet on all the outcomes was evaluated using the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and the predictors of weight loss were identified using linear regression. The diet induced a reduction in the anthropometric (BMI decrease of −2.713 points) and DXA body measurements in addition to serum lipids, glucose, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels without affecting the muscle mass, liver and thyroid profiles. During the intervention, there was a positive shift in body composition favouring fat free mass (FFM). Lower insulin but higher serum calcium and potassium levels were predictors of weight loss.

Efficacy and Safety of a Long-Term Multidisciplinary Weight Loss Intervention under Hospitalization in Aging Patients with Obesity: An Open Label Study / H. Abbas, S. Perna, A. Shah, C. Gasparri, M. Rondanelli. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 14:16(2022), pp. 3416.1-3416.15. [10.3390/nu14163416]

Efficacy and Safety of a Long-Term Multidisciplinary Weight Loss Intervention under Hospitalization in Aging Patients with Obesity: An Open Label Study

S. Perna
Secondo
;
2022

Abstract

The effects of the hypocaloric diet under hospitalization on blood biochemical parameters (lipid, glycaemic, thyroid and liver profiles) were not reported in literature. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a hypocaloric diet under hospitalisation in obese patients. A total of 151 obese subjects (49 males and 102 females, aged 69.38 ± 14.1 years, BMI 41.78 ± 7.1) were enrolled in this study. Participants were treated with an hypocaloric diet for a maximum period of 3 months. Outcomes were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the recovery period. The average duration of the hospitalisation was 47.5 days ± 1.3. The effect of the diet on all the outcomes was evaluated using the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and the predictors of weight loss were identified using linear regression. The diet induced a reduction in the anthropometric (BMI decrease of −2.713 points) and DXA body measurements in addition to serum lipids, glucose, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels without affecting the muscle mass, liver and thyroid profiles. During the intervention, there was a positive shift in body composition favouring fat free mass (FFM). Lower insulin but higher serum calcium and potassium levels were predictors of weight loss.
obesity; hypocaloric diet; weight loss; multidisciplinary intervention
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/955964
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