Over the past few decades, several pollutants classified as environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have become a matter of significant public health concern. Companion animals play a major role in human society, and pet ownership is substantially increasing worldwide. These intimate human-pet relationships imply sharing much of the same environment, thus including exposure to similar levels of EDCs in daily routine. Here, we review the current knowledge on the sources and routes of exposure to EDCs in domestic indoor and outdoor environments and discuss whether endocrine disruption is a health concern in pets. We summarize the phenomenon of endocrine disruption, providing examples of EDCs with a known impact on dog and cat health. Then, we propose an overview of the literature on the adverse effects of EDCs in domestic pets, with a special focus on the health of reproductive and thyroid systems. Finally, we explore the potential role of companion animals as unintentional sentinels of environmental exposure to EDCs and the implications for public health risk assessment in a "shared risk" scenario. Overall, this review supports the need for an integrated approach considering humans, animals, and the environment as a whole for a comprehensive assessment of the impact of EDCs on human and animal health.

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Their Effects in Pet Dogs and Cats: An Overview / P. Pocar, V. Grieco, A. Lucia, V. Borromeo. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 13:3(2023 Jan 22), pp. 378.1-378.21. [10.3390/ani13030378]

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Their Effects in Pet Dogs and Cats: An Overview

P. Pocar
Primo
;
V. Grieco
Secondo
;
A. Lucia
Penultimo
;
V. Borromeo
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Over the past few decades, several pollutants classified as environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have become a matter of significant public health concern. Companion animals play a major role in human society, and pet ownership is substantially increasing worldwide. These intimate human-pet relationships imply sharing much of the same environment, thus including exposure to similar levels of EDCs in daily routine. Here, we review the current knowledge on the sources and routes of exposure to EDCs in domestic indoor and outdoor environments and discuss whether endocrine disruption is a health concern in pets. We summarize the phenomenon of endocrine disruption, providing examples of EDCs with a known impact on dog and cat health. Then, we propose an overview of the literature on the adverse effects of EDCs in domestic pets, with a special focus on the health of reproductive and thyroid systems. Finally, we explore the potential role of companion animals as unintentional sentinels of environmental exposure to EDCs and the implications for public health risk assessment in a "shared risk" scenario. Overall, this review supports the need for an integrated approach considering humans, animals, and the environment as a whole for a comprehensive assessment of the impact of EDCs on human and animal health.
cat; companion animals; dog; endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs); human–animal interactions; reproduction; thyroid
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
22-gen-2023
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/13/3/378
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/954888
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