PurposePTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) comprises a group of rare genetic conditions caused by germline mutations in PTEN gene and characterized by development of both benign and malignant lesions in many body tissues. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of thyroid findings in both adult and pediatric PHTS patients.MethodsA retrospectively analysis conducted in 19 (13 adult and 6 pediatric) patients with PHTS, all confirmed with genetic testing, observed from 2015 to 2021 at the Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico.ResultsWe found a thyroid involvement in 12 adult patients (92%): 11 patients had benign lesions (85%) and the remaining developed a follicular thyroid carcinoma (8.3%). The median age at time of the first available record was 30 years. Among benign lesions, multinodular goiter was the most observed finding (10/11, 91%). Only 1 out of 6 (16%) pediatric patients was diagnosed with a thyroid lesion (unifocal lesion in mild lymphocytic thyroiditis) at the age of 8 years.ConclusionsThyroid disorders affected nearly all adult PHTS patients, but a much lower proportion of pediatric patients. We discuss about the natural history of thyroid involvement, age of PHTS clinical onset, and optimized surveillance.

Thyroid findings in pediatric and adult patients with PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome: A retrospective analysis, and literature review / D. Milani, A. Dolci, I. Muller, M.A. Pavesi, L. Runza, E. Kuhn, F. Natacci, B. Peissel, M.T. Ricci, L. Despini, G. Tomasello, F. Grossi, O. Garrone, D. Gambini. - In: ENDOCRINE. - ISSN 1559-0100. - (2023). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s12020-023-03313-x]

Thyroid findings in pediatric and adult patients with PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome: A retrospective analysis, and literature review

I. Muller;M.A. Pavesi;E. Kuhn;
2023

Abstract

PurposePTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) comprises a group of rare genetic conditions caused by germline mutations in PTEN gene and characterized by development of both benign and malignant lesions in many body tissues. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of thyroid findings in both adult and pediatric PHTS patients.MethodsA retrospectively analysis conducted in 19 (13 adult and 6 pediatric) patients with PHTS, all confirmed with genetic testing, observed from 2015 to 2021 at the Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico.ResultsWe found a thyroid involvement in 12 adult patients (92%): 11 patients had benign lesions (85%) and the remaining developed a follicular thyroid carcinoma (8.3%). The median age at time of the first available record was 30 years. Among benign lesions, multinodular goiter was the most observed finding (10/11, 91%). Only 1 out of 6 (16%) pediatric patients was diagnosed with a thyroid lesion (unifocal lesion in mild lymphocytic thyroiditis) at the age of 8 years.ConclusionsThyroid disorders affected nearly all adult PHTS patients, but a much lower proportion of pediatric patients. We discuss about the natural history of thyroid involvement, age of PHTS clinical onset, and optimized surveillance.
Cowden; PHTS; PTEN; Thyroid
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
2023
23-gen-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/954458
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