Blinatumomab is an immunotherapeutic agent with dual specificity for CD3 and CD19 that is approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL). A steroid based pre-treatment is recommended before administering blinatumomab to patients with a high tumor burden to minimize the risk of tumor lysis syndrome, but the optimal debulking regimen and whether it can improve responses remain unclear. The present study retrospectively evaluated real-world outcomes following tumor debulking and blinatumomab infusion in R/R B-ALL adult patients treated at 7 Italian centers. Data were collected from 34 patients. The choice of the cytoreductive therapy was made by the treating clinician on an individual patient basis; regimens included chemotherapy (n=23), steroids (n=7) and tyrosine kinase inhibitors alone or in combination (n=4). The rate of complete responses (CR) and complete minimal residual disease (MRD) responses in CR patients were 67.6% and 81% respectively, after 2 cycles of blinatumomab. Moreover, among patients with a high tumor burden 50% obtained a CR, with 89% of them also achieving a complete MRD response. Favorable responses were also obtained in patients over 50 years of age at treatment initiation. Overall, 7 of 23 patients in CR after blinatumomab underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The results of this retrospective study highlight the heterogeneity in the use of pre-blinatumomab tumor debulking in real-life clinical practice. Nonetheless, debulking pre-treatment enhanced responses to blinatumomab compared to historic studies, indicating that this strategy may help to improve outcomes for R/R B-ALL patients.

Real-World Multicenter Experience in Tumor Debulking Prior to Blinatumomab Administration in Adult Patients With Relapsed/Refractory B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia / M. Bonifacio, C. Papayannidis, F. Lussana, N. Fracchiolla, M. Annunziata, S. Sica, M. Delia, R. Foà, G. Pizzolo, S. Chiaretti. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 11:(2021), pp. 804714.1-804714.7. [10.3389/fonc.2021.804714]

Real-World Multicenter Experience in Tumor Debulking Prior to Blinatumomab Administration in Adult Patients With Relapsed/Refractory B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

F. Lussana;
2021

Abstract

Blinatumomab is an immunotherapeutic agent with dual specificity for CD3 and CD19 that is approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL). A steroid based pre-treatment is recommended before administering blinatumomab to patients with a high tumor burden to minimize the risk of tumor lysis syndrome, but the optimal debulking regimen and whether it can improve responses remain unclear. The present study retrospectively evaluated real-world outcomes following tumor debulking and blinatumomab infusion in R/R B-ALL adult patients treated at 7 Italian centers. Data were collected from 34 patients. The choice of the cytoreductive therapy was made by the treating clinician on an individual patient basis; regimens included chemotherapy (n=23), steroids (n=7) and tyrosine kinase inhibitors alone or in combination (n=4). The rate of complete responses (CR) and complete minimal residual disease (MRD) responses in CR patients were 67.6% and 81% respectively, after 2 cycles of blinatumomab. Moreover, among patients with a high tumor burden 50% obtained a CR, with 89% of them also achieving a complete MRD response. Favorable responses were also obtained in patients over 50 years of age at treatment initiation. Overall, 7 of 23 patients in CR after blinatumomab underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The results of this retrospective study highlight the heterogeneity in the use of pre-blinatumomab tumor debulking in real-life clinical practice. Nonetheless, debulking pre-treatment enhanced responses to blinatumomab compared to historic studies, indicating that this strategy may help to improve outcomes for R/R B-ALL patients.
B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia; blinatumomab; chemotherapy; debulking; real-world; relapsed/refractory
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
2021
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2022-BONIFACIO et al Real-World Multicenter Experience in Tumor Debulking Prior to Blinatumomab Administration in Adult Patients With Relapsed Refractory B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leu.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Original research
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 522.94 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
522.94 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/954293
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact