Background: The combination of prone positioning and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is recognized as safe but its use has been limited due to potential complications. Objective: To report the prevalence of pressure ulcers and other complications due to prone positioning in adult patients receiving veno-venous ECMO. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary level intensive care unit (ICU) in Milan (Italy), between January 2015 and December 2019. The study population was critically ill adult patients undergoing veno-venous ECMO. Statistical association between pressure ulcers and the type of body positioning (prone versus supine) was explored fitting a logistic model. Results: In the study period, 114 patients were treated with veno-venous ECMO and 62 (54.4%) patients were placed prone for a total of 130 prone position cycles. ECMO cannulation was performed via femoro-femoral configuration in the majority of patients (82.4%, 94/114). Pressure ulcers developed in 57.0% of patients (95%CI: 44.0%-72.6%), most often arising on the face and the chin (37.1%, 23/62), particularly in those placed prone. The main reason of prone positioning interruption was the decrease of ECMO blood flow (8.1%, 5/62). The fitted model showed no association between body position during ECMO and occurrence of pressure ulcers (OR 1.3, 95%CI: 0.5-3.6, p = .532). Conclusion: Facial pressure ulcers were the most frequent complications of prone positioning. Nurses should plan and implement evidence-based care to prevent such pressure injuries in patients undergoing ECMO. Relevance to clinical practice: The combination of prone positioning and ECMO shows few life-threating complications. This manoeuvre during ECMO is feasible and safe when performed by experienced ICU staff.

Pressure ulcers after prone positioning in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A cross-sectional study / F. Binda, F. Marelli, A. Galazzi, S. Gambazza, E. Vinci, P. Roselli, I. Adamini, D. Laquintana. - In: NURSING IN CRITICAL CARE. - ISSN 1362-1017. - (2023). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1111/nicc.12889]

Pressure ulcers after prone positioning in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A cross-sectional study

S. Gambazza;I. Adamini
Penultimo
;
D. Laquintana
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background: The combination of prone positioning and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is recognized as safe but its use has been limited due to potential complications. Objective: To report the prevalence of pressure ulcers and other complications due to prone positioning in adult patients receiving veno-venous ECMO. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary level intensive care unit (ICU) in Milan (Italy), between January 2015 and December 2019. The study population was critically ill adult patients undergoing veno-venous ECMO. Statistical association between pressure ulcers and the type of body positioning (prone versus supine) was explored fitting a logistic model. Results: In the study period, 114 patients were treated with veno-venous ECMO and 62 (54.4%) patients were placed prone for a total of 130 prone position cycles. ECMO cannulation was performed via femoro-femoral configuration in the majority of patients (82.4%, 94/114). Pressure ulcers developed in 57.0% of patients (95%CI: 44.0%-72.6%), most often arising on the face and the chin (37.1%, 23/62), particularly in those placed prone. The main reason of prone positioning interruption was the decrease of ECMO blood flow (8.1%, 5/62). The fitted model showed no association between body position during ECMO and occurrence of pressure ulcers (OR 1.3, 95%CI: 0.5-3.6, p = .532). Conclusion: Facial pressure ulcers were the most frequent complications of prone positioning. Nurses should plan and implement evidence-based care to prevent such pressure injuries in patients undergoing ECMO. Relevance to clinical practice: The combination of prone positioning and ECMO shows few life-threating complications. This manoeuvre during ECMO is feasible and safe when performed by experienced ICU staff.
advanced life support; extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; intensive care units; pressure ulcers; respiratory distress syndrome
Settore MED/45 - Scienze Infermieristiche Generali, Cliniche e Pediatriche
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
2023
5-feb-2023
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/954196
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