Objectives Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and of the associated cardiovascular diseases, ranking on the crossroads of several evolving areas with a relevant impact on the health-care system (ageing, treatment of CKD and prevention from cardiovascular and renal events). In this review, we will critically appraise the overall issues concerning the clinical usefulness of FGF23 determination in CKD, focusing on the analytical performances of the methods, aiming to assess whether and how the clinical introduction of FGF23 may promote cost-effective health care policies in these patients. Content Our comprehensive critical appraisal of the literature revealed that we are currently unable to establish the clinical usefulness of FGF23 measured by ELISA in CKD, as stability issues and suboptimal analytical performances are the major responsible for the release of misleading results. The meta-analytical approach has failed to report unambiguous evidence in face of the wide heterogeneity of the results from single studies. Summary and Outlook Our review has largely demonstrated that the clinical usefulness depends on a thorough analytical validation of the assay. The recent introduction of chemiluminescent intact-FGF23 (iFGF23) assays licensed for clinical use, after passing a robust analytical validation, has allowed the actual assessment of preliminary risk thresholds for cardiovascular and renal events and is promising to capture the iFGF23 clinically relevant changes as a result of a therapeutic modulation. In this perspective, the analytical optimization of FGF23 determination may allow a marriage between physiology and epidemiology and a merging towards clinical outcomes.

Fibroblast growth factor 23: translating analytical improvement into clinical effectiveness for tertiary prevention in chronic kidney disease / S. Ferraro, G. Biganzoli, V. Calcaterra, G. Zuccotti, E. Biganzoli, M. Plebani. - In: CLINICAL CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1434-6621. - 60:11(2022), pp. 1694-1705. [10.1515/cclm-2022-0635]

Fibroblast growth factor 23: translating analytical improvement into clinical effectiveness for tertiary prevention in chronic kidney disease

S. Ferraro;G. Biganzoli;G. Zuccotti;E. Biganzoli
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Objectives Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and of the associated cardiovascular diseases, ranking on the crossroads of several evolving areas with a relevant impact on the health-care system (ageing, treatment of CKD and prevention from cardiovascular and renal events). In this review, we will critically appraise the overall issues concerning the clinical usefulness of FGF23 determination in CKD, focusing on the analytical performances of the methods, aiming to assess whether and how the clinical introduction of FGF23 may promote cost-effective health care policies in these patients. Content Our comprehensive critical appraisal of the literature revealed that we are currently unable to establish the clinical usefulness of FGF23 measured by ELISA in CKD, as stability issues and suboptimal analytical performances are the major responsible for the release of misleading results. The meta-analytical approach has failed to report unambiguous evidence in face of the wide heterogeneity of the results from single studies. Summary and Outlook Our review has largely demonstrated that the clinical usefulness depends on a thorough analytical validation of the assay. The recent introduction of chemiluminescent intact-FGF23 (iFGF23) assays licensed for clinical use, after passing a robust analytical validation, has allowed the actual assessment of preliminary risk thresholds for cardiovascular and renal events and is promising to capture the iFGF23 clinically relevant changes as a result of a therapeutic modulation. In this perspective, the analytical optimization of FGF23 determination may allow a marriage between physiology and epidemiology and a merging towards clinical outcomes.
harmonization; healthcare; immunoassay; outcome; stability
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/952973
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