Tissue engineering (TE) strategies require the design and characterization of novel biomaterials capable of mimicking the physiological microenvironments of the tissues to be regenerated. As such, implantable materials should be biomimetic, nanostructured and with mechanical properties approximating those of the target organ/tissue. Self-assembling peptides (SAPs) are biomimetic nanomaterials that can be readily synthesized and customized to match the requirements of some TE applications, but the weak interactions involved in the self-assembling phenomenon make them soft hydrogels unsuited for the regeneration of medium-to-hard tissues. In this work, we moved significant steps forward in the field of chemical cross-linked SAPs towards the goal of stiff peptidic materials suited for the regeneration of several tissues. Novel SAPs were designed and characterized to boost the 4-(N-Maleimidomethyl) cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid 3-sulpho-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (Sulfo-SMCC) mediated cross-linking reaction, where they reached G′ values of ~500 kPa. An additional orthogonal cross-linking was also effective and allowed to top remarkable G′ values of 840 kPa. We demonstrated that cross-linking fastened the pre-existing self-aggregated nanostructures, and at the same time, a strong presence of ß-structures is necessary for an effective cross-linking of (LKLK)3-based SAPs. Combining strong SAP design and orthogonal cross-linking reactions, we brought SAP stiffness closer to the MPa threshold, and as such, we opened the door of the regeneration of skin, muscle and lung to biomimetic SAP technology.

Boosted Cross-Linking and Characterization of High-Performing Self-Assembling Peptides / M.G. Ciulla, R. Pugliese, F. Gelain. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - 12:3(2022), pp. 320.1-320.14. [10.3390/nano12030320]

Boosted Cross-Linking and Characterization of High-Performing Self-Assembling Peptides

M.G. Ciulla
Primo
Investigation
;
R. Pugliese;
2022

Abstract

Tissue engineering (TE) strategies require the design and characterization of novel biomaterials capable of mimicking the physiological microenvironments of the tissues to be regenerated. As such, implantable materials should be biomimetic, nanostructured and with mechanical properties approximating those of the target organ/tissue. Self-assembling peptides (SAPs) are biomimetic nanomaterials that can be readily synthesized and customized to match the requirements of some TE applications, but the weak interactions involved in the self-assembling phenomenon make them soft hydrogels unsuited for the regeneration of medium-to-hard tissues. In this work, we moved significant steps forward in the field of chemical cross-linked SAPs towards the goal of stiff peptidic materials suited for the regeneration of several tissues. Novel SAPs were designed and characterized to boost the 4-(N-Maleimidomethyl) cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid 3-sulpho-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (Sulfo-SMCC) mediated cross-linking reaction, where they reached G′ values of ~500 kPa. An additional orthogonal cross-linking was also effective and allowed to top remarkable G′ values of 840 kPa. We demonstrated that cross-linking fastened the pre-existing self-aggregated nanostructures, and at the same time, a strong presence of ß-structures is necessary for an effective cross-linking of (LKLK)3-based SAPs. Combining strong SAP design and orthogonal cross-linking reactions, we brought SAP stiffness closer to the MPa threshold, and as such, we opened the door of the regeneration of skin, muscle and lung to biomimetic SAP technology.
Biomaterials; Cross-linking; Nanofibers; Rheology; Self-assembling peptides; Sulfo-SMCC
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Settore ING-IND/22 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/952971
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