PurposeTo investigate the clinical predictors of in-hospital mortality in hospitalized patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection during the Omicron period. MethodsAll consecutive hospitalized laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients between January and May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent accurate physical, laboratory, radiographic and echocardiographic examination. Primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Results74 consecutive COVID-19 patients (80.0 +/- 12.6 yrs, 45.9% males) were included. Patients who died during hospitalization (27%) and those who were discharged alive (73%) were separately analyzed. Compared to patients discharged alive, those who died were significantly older, with higher comorbidity burden and greater prevalence of laboratory, radiographic and echographic signs of pulmonary and systemic congestion. Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) (OR 1.76, 95%CI 1.07-2.92), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (OR 1.24, 95%CI 1.10-1.39) and absence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) therapy (OR 0.01, 95%CI 0.00-0.22) independently predicted the primary endpoint. CCI >= 7 and NLR >= 9 were the best cut-off values for predicting mortality. The mortality risk for patients with CCI >= 7, NLR >= 9 and not in ACEI/ARBs therapy was high (86%); for patients with CCI <7, NLR >= 9, with (16.6%) or without (25%) ACEI/ARBs therapy was intermediate; for patients with CCI <7, NLR ConclusionsHigh comorbidity burden, high levels of NLR and the undertreatment with ACEI/ARBs were the main prognostic indicators of in-hospital mortality. The risk stratification of COVID-19 patients at hospital admission would help the clinicians to take care of the high-risk patients and reduce the mortality.

Charlson comorbidity index, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and undertreatment with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors predict in-hospital mortality of hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the omicron dominant period / A. Sonaglioni, M. Lombardo, A. Albini, D.M. Noonan, M. Re, R. Cassandro, D. Elia, A. Caminati, G.L. Nicolosi, S. Harari. - In: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-3224. - 13:(2022), pp. 958418.1-958418.14. [10.3389/fimmu.2022.958418]

Charlson comorbidity index, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and undertreatment with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors predict in-hospital mortality of hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the omicron dominant period

M. Lombardo;M. Re;D. Elia;S. Harari
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

PurposeTo investigate the clinical predictors of in-hospital mortality in hospitalized patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection during the Omicron period. MethodsAll consecutive hospitalized laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients between January and May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent accurate physical, laboratory, radiographic and echocardiographic examination. Primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Results74 consecutive COVID-19 patients (80.0 +/- 12.6 yrs, 45.9% males) were included. Patients who died during hospitalization (27%) and those who were discharged alive (73%) were separately analyzed. Compared to patients discharged alive, those who died were significantly older, with higher comorbidity burden and greater prevalence of laboratory, radiographic and echographic signs of pulmonary and systemic congestion. Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) (OR 1.76, 95%CI 1.07-2.92), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (OR 1.24, 95%CI 1.10-1.39) and absence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) therapy (OR 0.01, 95%CI 0.00-0.22) independently predicted the primary endpoint. CCI >= 7 and NLR >= 9 were the best cut-off values for predicting mortality. The mortality risk for patients with CCI >= 7, NLR >= 9 and not in ACEI/ARBs therapy was high (86%); for patients with CCI <7, NLR >= 9, with (16.6%) or without (25%) ACEI/ARBs therapy was intermediate; for patients with CCI <7, NLR ConclusionsHigh comorbidity burden, high levels of NLR and the undertreatment with ACEI/ARBs were the main prognostic indicators of in-hospital mortality. The risk stratification of COVID-19 patients at hospital admission would help the clinicians to take care of the high-risk patients and reduce the mortality.
COVID-19; Charlson comobidity index; angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers; mortality; neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/952890
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