It is still unclear whether the evolution of protoplanetary disks, a key ingredient in the theory of planet formation, is driven by viscous turbulence or magnetic disk winds. As viscously evolving disks expand outward over time, the evolution of disk sizes is a discriminant test for studying disk evolution. However, it is unclear how the observed disk size changes over time if disk evolution is driven by magnetic disk winds. Combining the thermo-chemical code DALI with the analytical wind-driven disk-evolution model presented in Tabone et al., we study the time evolution of the observed gas outer radius as measured from CO rotational emission (R (CO,90%)). The evolution of R (CO,90%) is driven by the evolution of the disk mass, as the physical radius stays constant over time. For a constant alpha (DW) , an extension of the alpha Shakura-Sunyaev parameter to wind-driven accretion, R (CO,90%) decreases linearly with time. Its initial size is set by the disk mass and the characteristic radius R (c,0), but only R (c,0) affects the evolution of R (CO,90%), with a larger R (c,0) resulting in a steeper decrease of R (CO,90%). For a time-dependent alpha (DW) , R (CO,90%) stays approximately constant during most of the disk lifetime until R (CO,90%) rapidly shrinks as the disk dissipates. The constant alpha (DW) models are able to reproduce the observed gas disk sizes in the similar to 1-3 Myr old Lupus and similar to 5-11 Myr old Upper Sco star-forming regions. However, they likely overpredict the gas disk size of younger (<0.7 Myr) disks.

Effect of MHD Wind-driven Disk Evolution on the Observed Sizes of Protoplanetary Disks / L. Trapman, B. Tabone, G.P. Rosotti, K. Zhang. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - 926:1(2022), pp. 61.1-61.18. [10.3847/1538-4357/ac3ed5]

Effect of MHD Wind-driven Disk Evolution on the Observed Sizes of Protoplanetary Disks

G.P. Rosotti
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

It is still unclear whether the evolution of protoplanetary disks, a key ingredient in the theory of planet formation, is driven by viscous turbulence or magnetic disk winds. As viscously evolving disks expand outward over time, the evolution of disk sizes is a discriminant test for studying disk evolution. However, it is unclear how the observed disk size changes over time if disk evolution is driven by magnetic disk winds. Combining the thermo-chemical code DALI with the analytical wind-driven disk-evolution model presented in Tabone et al., we study the time evolution of the observed gas outer radius as measured from CO rotational emission (R (CO,90%)). The evolution of R (CO,90%) is driven by the evolution of the disk mass, as the physical radius stays constant over time. For a constant alpha (DW) , an extension of the alpha Shakura-Sunyaev parameter to wind-driven accretion, R (CO,90%) decreases linearly with time. Its initial size is set by the disk mass and the characteristic radius R (c,0), but only R (c,0) affects the evolution of R (CO,90%), with a larger R (c,0) resulting in a steeper decrease of R (CO,90%). For a time-dependent alpha (DW) , R (CO,90%) stays approximately constant during most of the disk lifetime until R (CO,90%) rapidly shrinks as the disk dissipates. The constant alpha (DW) models are able to reproduce the observed gas disk sizes in the similar to 1-3 Myr old Lupus and similar to 5-11 Myr old Upper Sco star-forming regions. However, they likely overpredict the gas disk size of younger (<0.7 Myr) disks.
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
2022
11-feb-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/952815
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