Aging is defined as a complex, multifaceted degenerative process that causes a gradual decline of physiological functions and a rising mortality risk with time. Stopping senescence or even rejuvenating the body represent one of the long-standing human dreams. Somatic cell nuclear transfer as well as cell reprogramming have suggested the possibility to slow or even reverse signs of aging. We exploited miR-200 family ability to induce a transient high plasticity state in human skin fibroblasts isolated from old individuals and we investigated whether this ameliorates cellular and physiological hallmarks of senescence. In addition, based on the assumption that extracellular matrix (ECM) provides biomechanical stimuli directly influencing cell behavior, we examine whether ECM-based bio-scaffolds, obtained from decellularized ovaries of young swine, stably maintain the rejuvenated phenotype acquired by cells after miR-200 exposure. The results show the existence of multiple factors that cooperate to control a unique program, driving the cell clock. In particular, miR-200 family directly regulates the molecular mechanisms erasing cell senescence. However, this effect is transient, reversible, and quickly lost. On the other hand, the use of an adequate young microenvironment stabilizes the miR-200-mediated rejuvenating effects, suggesting that synergistic interactions occur among molecular effectors and ECM-derived biomechanical stimuli. The model here described is a useful tool to better characterize these complex regulations and to finely dissect the multiple and concurring biochemical and biomechanical cues driving the cell biological clock.

Synergistic Effect of miR-200 and Young Extracellular Matrix-based Bio-scaffolds to Reduce Signs of Aging in Senescent Fibroblasts / G. Pennarossa, T. De Iorio, S. Arcuri, F. Gandolfi, T. Brevini. - In: STEM CELL REVIEWS AND REPORTS. - ISSN 2629-3277. - (2022). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s12015-022-10438-5]

Synergistic Effect of miR-200 and Young Extracellular Matrix-based Bio-scaffolds to Reduce Signs of Aging in Senescent Fibroblasts

G. Pennarossa
Primo
;
T. De Iorio
Secondo
;
S. Arcuri;F. Gandolfi
Penultimo
;
T. Brevini
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Aging is defined as a complex, multifaceted degenerative process that causes a gradual decline of physiological functions and a rising mortality risk with time. Stopping senescence or even rejuvenating the body represent one of the long-standing human dreams. Somatic cell nuclear transfer as well as cell reprogramming have suggested the possibility to slow or even reverse signs of aging. We exploited miR-200 family ability to induce a transient high plasticity state in human skin fibroblasts isolated from old individuals and we investigated whether this ameliorates cellular and physiological hallmarks of senescence. In addition, based on the assumption that extracellular matrix (ECM) provides biomechanical stimuli directly influencing cell behavior, we examine whether ECM-based bio-scaffolds, obtained from decellularized ovaries of young swine, stably maintain the rejuvenated phenotype acquired by cells after miR-200 exposure. The results show the existence of multiple factors that cooperate to control a unique program, driving the cell clock. In particular, miR-200 family directly regulates the molecular mechanisms erasing cell senescence. However, this effect is transient, reversible, and quickly lost. On the other hand, the use of an adequate young microenvironment stabilizes the miR-200-mediated rejuvenating effects, suggesting that synergistic interactions occur among molecular effectors and ECM-derived biomechanical stimuli. The model here described is a useful tool to better characterize these complex regulations and to finely dissect the multiple and concurring biochemical and biomechanical cues driving the cell biological clock.
Aging; Cell senescence; Cellular rejuvenation; ECM-based bio-scaffolds; miR-200 family; micro-RNA
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
2022
27-ago-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/952692
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