Can relatively short-term political leadership affect long-term national policy styles, and if so, how? We examine these questions in order to explain the temporal dynamics in national policy styles observed in several recent studies whose findings have challenged the traditional view that policy styles lend continuity and stability to policy-making. In its original formulation, the concept of policy styles refers to the extent to which governments are committed to anticipatory or reactive policy-making, as well as to whether they seek to reach consensus with societal groups over policies or simply impose decisions on them. Following these defini- tions, we contend that political leaders can alter a long-held policy style and often do so due to strategic considerations, either in an attempt to improve their policy performance or in response to an exogenous shock, such as an economic crisis. We illustrate this argument by using longitudinal records of changes in country-level governance indicators which include data on dimensions of policy styles. Specifi- cally we examine how two of the Sustainable Governance Indicators compiled by the Bertelsmann Foundation changed for Ireland, Italy, Malta, and Poland between 2014 and 2020. As the cases show, government leaders sought to alter long-standing processes and the arrangements of governance and policy-making. Our empirical findings support the overarching argument that the study of national policy styles should be combined with that of political leadership.

The Significance of Leadership in the Evolution of Policy Styles: Reconciling Policy-Making in the Short and Long Term = Die Bedeutung der politischen Führung für die Entwicklung von Politikstilen: Eine integrierte Betrachtung kurz- und langfristiger Politikgestaltung / J. Tosun, M. Galanti, M. Howlett. - In: POLITISCHE VIERTELJAHRESSCHRIFT. - ISSN 0032-3470. - 63:2(2022 Jun), pp. 337-358. [10.1007/s11615-022-00395-6]

The Significance of Leadership in the Evolution of Policy Styles: Reconciling Policy-Making in the Short and Long Term = Die Bedeutung der politischen Führung für die Entwicklung von Politikstilen: Eine integrierte Betrachtung kurz- und langfristiger Politikgestaltung

M. Galanti
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Can relatively short-term political leadership affect long-term national policy styles, and if so, how? We examine these questions in order to explain the temporal dynamics in national policy styles observed in several recent studies whose findings have challenged the traditional view that policy styles lend continuity and stability to policy-making. In its original formulation, the concept of policy styles refers to the extent to which governments are committed to anticipatory or reactive policy-making, as well as to whether they seek to reach consensus with societal groups over policies or simply impose decisions on them. Following these defini- tions, we contend that political leaders can alter a long-held policy style and often do so due to strategic considerations, either in an attempt to improve their policy performance or in response to an exogenous shock, such as an economic crisis. We illustrate this argument by using longitudinal records of changes in country-level governance indicators which include data on dimensions of policy styles. Specifi- cally we examine how two of the Sustainable Governance Indicators compiled by the Bertelsmann Foundation changed for Ireland, Italy, Malta, and Poland between 2014 and 2020. As the cases show, government leaders sought to alter long-standing processes and the arrangements of governance and policy-making. Our empirical findings support the overarching argument that the study of national policy styles should be combined with that of political leadership.
Societal consultation; Stability; Strategic planning; Sustainable Governance Indicators; Governance
Settore SPS/04 - Scienza Politica
giu-2022
2-mag-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/951560
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