Simple Summary Data regarding the survival effect of radical prostatectomy in patients with oligometastatic PC (OPC) are sparse and based on small series. Moreover, few studies compared radical prostatectomy with systemic treatment in an OPC setting. We compared multimodality treatment (MMT, defined as robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), with or without adjuvant radiotherapy (RT)) vs. ADT alone in oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC) patients. MMT was associated with lower CSM, mCRPC and second-line therapy rates. A lower rate of treatment-related adverse events was recorded for the MMT group. Background: We compared multimodality treatment (MMT, defined as robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), with or without adjuvant radiotherapy (RT)) vs. ADT alone in oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC) patients. Methods: From 2010 to 2018, we identified 74 patients affected by cM1a-b OPC (<= 5 metastases). Kaplan-Meier (KM) plots depicted cancer-specific mortality (CSM), disease progression, metastatic castration-resistant PC (mCRPC), and time to second-line systemic therapy rates. Multivariable Cox regression models (MCRMs) focused on disease progression and mCRPC. Results: Forty (54.0%) MMT and thirty-four (46.0%) ADT patients were identified. On KM plots, higher CSM (5.9 vs. 37.1%; p = 0.02), mCRPC (24.0 vs. 62.5%; p < 0.01), and second-line systemic therapy (33.3 vs. 62.5%; p < 0.01) rates were recorded in the ADT group. No statistically significant difference was recorded for disease progression. ForMCRMs adjusted for the metastatic site and PSA, a higher mCRPC rate was recorded in the ADT group. No statistically significant difference was recorded for disease progression. Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 5 (12.5%) MMT vs. 15 (44.1%) ADT patients (p < 0.01). Conclusions: MMT was associated with lower CSM, mCRPC, and second-line therapy rates. A lower rate of treatment-related adverse events was recorded for the MMT group.

Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer: A Comparison between Multimodality Treatment vs. Androgen Deprivation Therapy Alone / F.A. Mistretta, S. Luzzago, A. Conti, E. Verri, G. Marvaso, C. Collà Ruvolo, M. Catellani, E. Di Trapani, G. Cozzi, R. Bianchi, M. Ferro, G. Cordima, A. Brescia, M. Cossu Rocca, V. Mirone, B.A. Jereczek-Fossa, F. Nolè, O. de Cobelli, G. Musi. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:9(2022 May 06), pp. 2313.1-2313.12. [10.3390/cancers14092313]

Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer: A Comparison between Multimodality Treatment vs. Androgen Deprivation Therapy Alone

F.A. Mistretta
Primo
;
S. Luzzago
Secondo
;
G. Marvaso;B.A. Jereczek-Fossa;O. de Cobelli
Penultimo
;
G. Musi
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary Data regarding the survival effect of radical prostatectomy in patients with oligometastatic PC (OPC) are sparse and based on small series. Moreover, few studies compared radical prostatectomy with systemic treatment in an OPC setting. We compared multimodality treatment (MMT, defined as robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), with or without adjuvant radiotherapy (RT)) vs. ADT alone in oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC) patients. MMT was associated with lower CSM, mCRPC and second-line therapy rates. A lower rate of treatment-related adverse events was recorded for the MMT group. Background: We compared multimodality treatment (MMT, defined as robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), with or without adjuvant radiotherapy (RT)) vs. ADT alone in oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC) patients. Methods: From 2010 to 2018, we identified 74 patients affected by cM1a-b OPC (<= 5 metastases). Kaplan-Meier (KM) plots depicted cancer-specific mortality (CSM), disease progression, metastatic castration-resistant PC (mCRPC), and time to second-line systemic therapy rates. Multivariable Cox regression models (MCRMs) focused on disease progression and mCRPC. Results: Forty (54.0%) MMT and thirty-four (46.0%) ADT patients were identified. On KM plots, higher CSM (5.9 vs. 37.1%; p = 0.02), mCRPC (24.0 vs. 62.5%; p < 0.01), and second-line systemic therapy (33.3 vs. 62.5%; p < 0.01) rates were recorded in the ADT group. No statistically significant difference was recorded for disease progression. ForMCRMs adjusted for the metastatic site and PSA, a higher mCRPC rate was recorded in the ADT group. No statistically significant difference was recorded for disease progression. Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 5 (12.5%) MMT vs. 15 (44.1%) ADT patients (p < 0.01). Conclusions: MMT was associated with lower CSM, mCRPC, and second-line therapy rates. A lower rate of treatment-related adverse events was recorded for the MMT group.
androgen deprivation therapy; metastatic; prostate cancer; prostatectomy; radiotherapy
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/951456
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