Background: Local eradication of periodontal infection could potentially have a much broader impact on the diabetic condition by also contributing to the modification of the lipid profile, which is directly compromised in the alteration of endothelium-dependent vasodilation. The aim of this trial was to assess the benefits of intensive periodontal treatment (IPT) on the lipid profile and endothelial function of diabetic patients. Methods: This was a 6-month, randomized controlled trial involving diabetic patients with generalized periodontitis. The study group comprised 290 individuals who were randomly assigned to receive Intensive Periodontal Treatment (IPT, Intervention Group) or conventional adult prophylaxis (Control Periodontal Treatment, CPT, Control Group). Outcomes encompassed lipid profile involving serum total cholesterol, serum triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipo-protein cholesterol, and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) as an index of endothelium-dependent vasodilation (primary outcomes); periodontal indices and high-sensitive C-reactive protein were evaluated at baseline, 3 and 6 months after periodontal treatment. Results: An increase in endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) was observed in the Intensive Periodontal Treatment group in comparison with Control (p < 0.001), but results are not statistically different. There were no differences in lipid profile in individuals of both groups. Conclusions: An intensive periodontal treatment might improve endothelial function, suggesting a direct beneficial effect on the vasculature, possibly mediated by systemic inflammatory reduction. However, no statistically significant differences between groups were observed, and no benefits were proved on lipid profile.

Intensive Periodontal Treatment Does Not Affect the Lipid Profile and Endothelial Function of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial / B. Rapone, E. Ferrara, E. Qorri, M. Quadri, G. Dipalma, A. Mancini, M. Del Fabbro, A. Scarano, G. Tartaglia, F. Inchingolo. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:10(2022 Oct), pp. 2524.1-2524.14. [10.3390/biomedicines10102524]

Intensive Periodontal Treatment Does Not Affect the Lipid Profile and Endothelial Function of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

M. Del Fabbro;G. Tartaglia;
2022

Abstract

Background: Local eradication of periodontal infection could potentially have a much broader impact on the diabetic condition by also contributing to the modification of the lipid profile, which is directly compromised in the alteration of endothelium-dependent vasodilation. The aim of this trial was to assess the benefits of intensive periodontal treatment (IPT) on the lipid profile and endothelial function of diabetic patients. Methods: This was a 6-month, randomized controlled trial involving diabetic patients with generalized periodontitis. The study group comprised 290 individuals who were randomly assigned to receive Intensive Periodontal Treatment (IPT, Intervention Group) or conventional adult prophylaxis (Control Periodontal Treatment, CPT, Control Group). Outcomes encompassed lipid profile involving serum total cholesterol, serum triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipo-protein cholesterol, and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) as an index of endothelium-dependent vasodilation (primary outcomes); periodontal indices and high-sensitive C-reactive protein were evaluated at baseline, 3 and 6 months after periodontal treatment. Results: An increase in endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) was observed in the Intensive Periodontal Treatment group in comparison with Control (p < 0.001), but results are not statistically different. There were no differences in lipid profile in individuals of both groups. Conclusions: An intensive periodontal treatment might improve endothelial function, suggesting a direct beneficial effect on the vasculature, possibly mediated by systemic inflammatory reduction. However, no statistically significant differences between groups were observed, and no benefits were proved on lipid profile.
endothelial dysfunction; periodontitis; periodontal disease; periodontal therapy; oxidative stress; biomarkers
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
9-ott-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/950513
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