The Accademia del Cimento (Florence) is the first European academy to be supported by a public power and to put experimentation at the core of scientific activity. During its activity (1657–1667), the Cimento carried out hundreds of experiments. A minor part of them is collected in the only printed work produced by the Accademia, the Saggi di Naturali Esperienze (1667). Almost one hundred illustrations accompany the twelve groups of experiments presented in the Saggi. They are mainly drawings of instruments and experimental apparatus. In spite of the sumptuousness of the edition, these drawings are characterized by a functional simplicity. Tables, diagrams and illustrations also punctuate diaries, handwritten notes and correspondence. A study of the unpublished documents shows the role of visual images in experimental design and allows to explore the wider problem of the relationship between thought and vision. This contribution analyses the epistemic function of vision in the Cimento’s experiments and debates around the issue of natural freezing and the properties of heat and cold. Discussions on the topic include geometrical demonstrations and mathematical representations, punctually excluded from the Saggi but occasionally resumed by individual members in later works.

Capturing, Modeling, Overseeing, and Making Credible: The Functions of Vision and Visual Material at the Accademia del Cimento / G. Giannini - In: Scientific Visual Representations in History / [a cura di] M. Valleriani, G. Giannini, E. Giannetto. - [s.l] : Springer, 2023 Jan 02. - ISBN 978-3-031-11317-8. - pp. 213-236 [10.1007/978-3-031-11317-8_7]

Capturing, Modeling, Overseeing, and Making Credible: The Functions of Vision and Visual Material at the Accademia del Cimento

G. Giannini
Primo
2023

Abstract

The Accademia del Cimento (Florence) is the first European academy to be supported by a public power and to put experimentation at the core of scientific activity. During its activity (1657–1667), the Cimento carried out hundreds of experiments. A minor part of them is collected in the only printed work produced by the Accademia, the Saggi di Naturali Esperienze (1667). Almost one hundred illustrations accompany the twelve groups of experiments presented in the Saggi. They are mainly drawings of instruments and experimental apparatus. In spite of the sumptuousness of the edition, these drawings are characterized by a functional simplicity. Tables, diagrams and illustrations also punctuate diaries, handwritten notes and correspondence. A study of the unpublished documents shows the role of visual images in experimental design and allows to explore the wider problem of the relationship between thought and vision. This contribution analyses the epistemic function of vision in the Cimento’s experiments and debates around the issue of natural freezing and the properties of heat and cold. Discussions on the topic include geometrical demonstrations and mathematical representations, punctually excluded from the Saggi but occasionally resumed by individual members in later works.
Accademia del Cimento; Institutions; Experiments; Heat/cold; Geometrical demonstrations
Settore M-STO/05 - Storia della Scienza e delle Tecniche
H2020_ERC19GGIAN_01 - The Accademia del Cimento in Florence: tracing the roots of the European scientific Enterprise (TACITROOTS) - GIANNINI, GIULIA - H2020_ERC - Horizon 2020_Europern Research Council - 2019
Book Part (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
GIANNINI_Springer2023.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.05 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.05 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/950332
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact