Introduction Trimethoprim is structurally similar to potassium-sparing diuretics and may induce hyperkalaemia. The prevalence and the factors that predispose to trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia have never been extensively addressed. Methods A literature search with no date or language limits was carried out using the National Library of Medicine, Embase and Web of Science in March and repeated during August 2021. The principles underlying the Economic and Social Research Council guidance on the conduct of synthesis and the PRISMA guidelines were employed. For the analysis, we retained reports including >= 10 subjects on treatment with trimethoprim, which addressed the possible occurrence of hyperkalaemia. Results Eighteen reports were retained for the final analysis. The pooled prevalence of potassium value >5.0 mmol/L, >5.5 mmol/L and >6.0 mmol/L or symptomatic, was, respectively, 22%, 10% and 0.2%. The analysis disclosed that the risk of trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia is dose-related and enhanced by drugs with known hyperkalaemic potential including potassium-sparing diuretics, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, beta-blockers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Poor kidney function also increased the tendency towards hyperkalaemia. The time to onset of hyperkalaemia was generally 1 week or less after starting trimethoprim. Conclusions The present analysis documents the hyperkalaemic potential of trimethoprim, a widely prescribed drug that was introduced more than 50 years ago. Clinicians must recognize patients at risk of trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia.

Trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis / P.B. Faré, E. Memoli, G. Treglia, M.G. Bianchetti, G.P. Milani, P. Marchisio, S.A.G. Lava, S. Janett. - In: JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0305-7453. - 77:10(2022 Sep 30), pp. 2588-2595. [10.1093/jac/dkac262]

Trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

G.P. Milani;P. Marchisio;
2022

Abstract

Introduction Trimethoprim is structurally similar to potassium-sparing diuretics and may induce hyperkalaemia. The prevalence and the factors that predispose to trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia have never been extensively addressed. Methods A literature search with no date or language limits was carried out using the National Library of Medicine, Embase and Web of Science in March and repeated during August 2021. The principles underlying the Economic and Social Research Council guidance on the conduct of synthesis and the PRISMA guidelines were employed. For the analysis, we retained reports including >= 10 subjects on treatment with trimethoprim, which addressed the possible occurrence of hyperkalaemia. Results Eighteen reports were retained for the final analysis. The pooled prevalence of potassium value >5.0 mmol/L, >5.5 mmol/L and >6.0 mmol/L or symptomatic, was, respectively, 22%, 10% and 0.2%. The analysis disclosed that the risk of trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia is dose-related and enhanced by drugs with known hyperkalaemic potential including potassium-sparing diuretics, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, beta-blockers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Poor kidney function also increased the tendency towards hyperkalaemia. The time to onset of hyperkalaemia was generally 1 week or less after starting trimethoprim. Conclusions The present analysis documents the hyperkalaemic potential of trimethoprim, a widely prescribed drug that was introduced more than 50 years ago. Clinicians must recognize patients at risk of trimethoprim-associated hyperkalaemia.
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
30-set-2022
26-ago-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/950255
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