Simple Summary Incidental thyroid carcinomas (ITCs) are a frequent finding, and papillary thyroid microcarcinoma is generally the most frequent entity. We analyzed ITCs found in thyroid samples from patients that underwent surgery for other cytologically indeterminate (Bethesda classes III and IV) but histologically benign nodules to evaluate the impact of these ITCs in the expected risk of malignancy of the current cytological classes. Incidental thyroid carcinomas (ITCs) are a fairly frequent finding in daily routine practice, with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma being the most frequent entity. In our work, we isolated incidental cases arising in thyroids removed for other cytologically indeterminate and histologically benign nodules. We retrospectively retrieved cases with available thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA, 3270 cases), selecting those with an indeterminate cytological diagnosis (Bethesda classes III-IV, 652 cases). Subsequently, we restricted the analysis to surgically treated patients (163 cases) finding an incidental thyroid carcinoma in 22 of them. We found a 13.5% ITC rate, with ITCs representing 46.8% of all cancer histologically diagnosed in this indeterminate setting. Patients received a cytological diagnosis of Bethesda class III and IV in 41% and 59% of cases, respectively. All ITC cases turned out to be papillary thyroid microcarcinomas; 36% of cases were multifocal, with foci bilaterally detected in 50% of cases. We found an overall ITC rate concordant with the literature and with our previous findings. The assignment of an indeterminate category to FNA did not increase the risk of ITCs in our cohort. Rather, a strong statistical significance (p < 0.01) was found comparing the larger size of nodules that underwent FNA and the smaller size of their corresponding ITC nodule.

An Indeterminate for Malignancy FNA Report Does Not Increase the Surgical Risk of Incidental Thyroid Carcinoma / D. Seminati, E. Mane, S. Ceola, G. Casati, P. Putignano, M. Garancini, A. Gatti, D. Leni, A. Ida Pincelli, N. Fusco, V. L’Imperio, F. Pagni. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:21(2022), pp. 5427.1-5427.10. [10.3390/cancers14215427]

An Indeterminate for Malignancy FNA Report Does Not Increase the Surgical Risk of Incidental Thyroid Carcinoma

N. Fusco;
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary Incidental thyroid carcinomas (ITCs) are a frequent finding, and papillary thyroid microcarcinoma is generally the most frequent entity. We analyzed ITCs found in thyroid samples from patients that underwent surgery for other cytologically indeterminate (Bethesda classes III and IV) but histologically benign nodules to evaluate the impact of these ITCs in the expected risk of malignancy of the current cytological classes. Incidental thyroid carcinomas (ITCs) are a fairly frequent finding in daily routine practice, with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma being the most frequent entity. In our work, we isolated incidental cases arising in thyroids removed for other cytologically indeterminate and histologically benign nodules. We retrospectively retrieved cases with available thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA, 3270 cases), selecting those with an indeterminate cytological diagnosis (Bethesda classes III-IV, 652 cases). Subsequently, we restricted the analysis to surgically treated patients (163 cases) finding an incidental thyroid carcinoma in 22 of them. We found a 13.5% ITC rate, with ITCs representing 46.8% of all cancer histologically diagnosed in this indeterminate setting. Patients received a cytological diagnosis of Bethesda class III and IV in 41% and 59% of cases, respectively. All ITC cases turned out to be papillary thyroid microcarcinomas; 36% of cases were multifocal, with foci bilaterally detected in 50% of cases. We found an overall ITC rate concordant with the literature and with our previous findings. The assignment of an indeterminate category to FNA did not increase the risk of ITCs in our cohort. Rather, a strong statistical significance (p < 0.01) was found comparing the larger size of nodules that underwent FNA and the smaller size of their corresponding ITC nodule.
fine needle aspiration; incidental thyroid carcinoma; papillary thyroid carcinoma
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/949712
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