Human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is still among the leading causes of disease burden and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and the world is not on track to meet targets set for ending the epidemic by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Precise HIV burden information is critical for effective geographic and epidemiological targeting of prevention and treatment interventions. Age- and sex-specific HIV prevalence estimates are widely available at the national level, and region-wide local estimates were recently published for adults overall. We add further dimensionality to previous analyses by estimating HIV prevalence at local scales, stratified into sex-specific 5-year age groups for adults ages 15-59 years across SSA.

Mapping age- and sex-specific HIV prevalence in adults in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000-2018 / E. Haeuser, A.L. Serfes, M.A. Cork, M. Yang, H. Abbastabar, E.S. Abhilash, M. Adabi, O.M. Adebayo, V. Adekanmbi, D.A. Adeyinka, S. Afzal, B.O. Ahinkorah, K. Ahmadi, M.B. Ahmed, Y. Akalu, R.O. Akinyemi, C.J. Akunna, F. Alahdab, F.M. Alanezi, T.M. Alanzi, K.A. Alene, R.K. Alhassan, V. Alipour, A. Almasi-Hashiani, N. Alvis-Guzman, E.K. Ameyaw, S. Amini, D.A. Amugsi, R. Ancuceanu, D. Anvari, S.C.Y. Appiah, J. Arabloo, O. Aremu, M.A. Asemahagn, M.A. Jafarabadi, A.F. Awedew, B.P.A. Quintanilla, M.A. Ayanore, Y.A. Aynalem, S. Azari, Z.N. Azene, B.B. Darshan, T.K. Babalola, A.A. Baig, M. Banach, T.W. Bärnighausen, A.W. Bell, A.S. Bhagavathula, N. Bhardwaj, P. Bhardwaj, K. Bhattacharyya, A. Bijani, Z.W. Bitew, S. Bohlouli, O.A. Bolarinwa, A. Boloor, I. Bozicevic, Z.A. Butt, R. Cárdenas, F. Carvalho, J. Charan, V.K. Chattu, M.A.K. Chowdhury, D. Chu, R.G. Cowden, S.M.A. Dahlawi, G. Damiani, E.K.M. Darteh, A.M. Darwesh, J. das Neves, N.D. Weaver, D. De Leo, J. De Neve, K. Deribe, K. Deuba, S. Dharmaratne, M. Dianatinasab, D. Diaz, A. Didarloo, S. Djalalinia, F. Dorostkar, E. Dubljanin, B. Duko, M. El Tantawi, S.I. El-Jaafary, B. Eshrati, S. Eskandarieh, O. Eyawo, I.J. Ezeonwumelu, S. Ezzikouri, F. Farzadfar, N. Fattahi, N.K. Fauk, E. Fernandes, I. Filip, F. Fischer, N.A. Foigt, M. Foroutan, T. Fukumoto, M.M. Gad, A.M. Gaidhane, B.G. Gebregiorgis, K.B. Gebremedhin, L. Getacher, K. Ghadiri, A. Ghashghaee, M. Golechha, M.I.M. Gubari, H.C. Gugnani, R.A. Guimarães, M.R. Haider, A. Haj-Mirzaian, S. Hamidi, A. Hashi, S. Hassanipour, H. Hassankhani, K. Hayat, C. Herteliu, H.C. Ho, R. Holla, M. Hosseini, M. Hosseinzadeh, B. Hwang, S.E. Ibitoye, O.S. Ilesanmi, I.M. Ilic, M.D. Ilic, R.M. Islam, C.C.D. Iwu, M. Jakovljevic, R.P. Jha, J.S. Ji, K.B. Johnson, N. Joseph, V. Joshua, F. Joukar, J.J. Jozwiak, L.R. Kalankesh, R. Kalhor, N. Kamyari, T. Kanchan, B.K. Matin, S.E. Karimi, G.A. Kayode, A.K. Karyani, M. Keramati, E.A. Khan, G. Khan, M.N. Khan, K. Khatab, J. Khubchandani, Y.J. Kim, A. Kisa, S. Kisa, J.A. Kopec, S. Kosen, S.L.K. Laxminarayana, A. Koyanagi, K. Krishan, B.K. Defo, N. Kugbey, V. Kulkarni, M. Kumar, N. Kumar, D. Kusuma, C. La Vecchia, D.K. Lal, I. Landires, H.J. Larson, S. Lasrado, P.H. Lee, S. Li, X. Liu, A. Maleki, P. Malik, M.A. Mansournia, F.R. Martins-Melo, W. Mendoza, R.G. Menezes, E.W. Mengesha, T.J. Meretoja, T. Mestrovic, A. Mirica, B. Moazen, O. Mohamad, Y. Mohammad, A. Mohammadian-Hafshejani, R. Mohammadpourhodki, S. Mohammed, S. Mohammed, A.H. Mokdad, M. Moradi, P. Moraga, S. Mubarik, G.B.B. Mulu, L. Mwanri, A.J. Nagarajan, M.D. Naimzada, M. Naveed, J. Nazari, R. Ndejjo, I. Negoi, F.N. Ngalesoni, G. Nguefack-Tsague, J.W. Ngunjiri, C.T. Nguyen, H.L.T. Nguyen, C.A. Nnaji, J.J. Noubiap, V. Nuñez-Samudio, V.E. Nwatah, B. Oancea, O.O. Odukoya, A.T. Olagunju, B.O. Olakunde, B.O. Olusanya, J.O. Olusanya, A.O. Bali, O.E. Onwujekwe, O.E. Orisakwe, N. Otstavnov, S.S. Otstavnov, M.O. Owolabi, P.A. Mahesh, J.R. Padubidri, A. Pana, A. Pandey, S.R. Pandi-Perumal, F.P. Kan, G.C. Patton, S. Pawar, E.K. Peprah, M.J. Postma, L. Preotescu, Z.Q. Syed, N. Rabiee, A. Radfar, A. Rafiei, F. Rahim, V. Rahimi-Movaghar, A.M. Rahmani, K. Ramezanzadeh, J. Rana, C.L. Ranabhat, S.J. Rao, D.L. Rawaf, S. Rawaf, R. Rawassizadeh, L.D. Regassa, N. Rezaei, A. Rezapour, M.A. Riaz, A.I. Ribeiro, J.M. Ross, E. Rubagotti, S.F. Rumisha, G.M. Rwegerera, S.S. Moghaddam, R. Sagar, B. Sahiledengle, M. Sahu, M.R. Salem, H.S. Kafil, A.M. Samy, B. Sartorius, B. Sathian, A. Seidu, A.A. Shaheen, M.A. Shaikh, M. Shamsizadeh, W.S. Shiferaw, J.I. Shin, R. Shrestha, J.A. Singh, V.Y. Skryabin, A.A. Skryabina, S. Soltani, M.B. Sufiyan, T. Tabuchi, E.G. Tadesse, N. Taveira, F.H. Tesfay, R. Thapar, M.R. Tovani-Palone, G.W. Tsegaye, C.D. Umeokonkwo, B. Unnikrishnan, J.H. Villafañe, F.S. Violante, B. Vo, G.T. Vu, Y.D. Wado, Y. Waheed, R.G. Wamai, Y. Wang, P. Ward, N.D. Wickramasinghe, K. Wilson, S. Yaya, P. Yip, N. Yonemoto, C. Yu, M.S. Zastrozhin, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S.I. Hay, L. Dwyer-Lindgren. - In: BMC MEDICINE. - ISSN 1741-7015. - 20:1(2022 Dec 19), pp. 488.1-488.24. [10.1186/s12916-022-02639-z]

Mapping age- and sex-specific HIV prevalence in adults in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000-2018

C. La Vecchia;M. Naveed;
2022

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is still among the leading causes of disease burden and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and the world is not on track to meet targets set for ending the epidemic by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Precise HIV burden information is critical for effective geographic and epidemiological targeting of prevention and treatment interventions. Age- and sex-specific HIV prevalence estimates are widely available at the national level, and region-wide local estimates were recently published for adults overall. We add further dimensionality to previous analyses by estimating HIV prevalence at local scales, stratified into sex-specific 5-year age groups for adults ages 15-59 years across SSA.
Africa; Demographics; Geostatistics; HIV; HIV prevalence; Mapping; Spatial statistics
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Settore SECS-S/04 - Demografia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/949108
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