Objectives: We aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of two dolutegravir-based two-drug regimens: dolutegravir + lamivudine versus dolutegravir + rilpivirine. Methods: We analysed a cohort of people living with HIV (PLWHIV) switching to dolutegravir + lamivudine or dolutegravir + rilpivirine. We excluded from the analysis PLWHIV with no available pre-switch genotypic test or with a known resistance mutation to one of the study drugs. We evaluated incidence of virological failure (VF) and treatment discontinuation (TD), as well as changes in immunological and metabolic parameters. Results: We enrolled 592 PLWHIV: 306 in the lamivudine group and 286 in the rilpivirine group. We observed nine VFs in the lamivudine group [1.4 VF per 100 patient-years of follow-up (PYFU)] and four VFs in the rilpivirine group (0.6 VF per 100 PYFU). Subsequent genotypic analysis showed no acquired resistance-associated mutations in those experiencing VF. Estimated probability of maintaining virological suppression at 144 and 240 weeks were 96.6% and 92.7%, respectively, in the lamivudine group and 98.7% and 98.7%, respectively, in the rilpivir- ine group (log-rank P = 0.172). The estimated probability of maintaining study regimen at Week 240 was 82.3% in the lamivudine group and 85.9% in the rilpivirine group (log-rank P = 0.018). We observed a significant improvement in CD4+ cell count at Week 240 in the lamivudine group (P = 0.012); in the rilpivirine group we registered a significant increase in CD4/CD8 ratio (P = 0.014). Conclusions: Both analysed strategies are effective and safe as switch strategies in clinical practice, with a low incidence of VF and a favourable immunological recovery, even in the long term.

Analyzing the efficacy and tolerability of dolutegravir plus either rilpivirine or lamivudine in a multicenter cohort of virologically-suppressed PLWHIV / A. Ciccullo, G. Baldin, G. Sterrantino, M.V. Cossu, A. Giacomelli, F. Lagi, D. Farinacci, V. Iannone, R. Anna Passerotto, A.F. Capetti, S. Antinori, C. Mussini, V. Borghi, S. DI GIAMBENEDETTO. - In: JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0305-7453. - 78:1(2023 Jan), pp. 117-121. [10.1093/jac/dkac362]

Analyzing the efficacy and tolerability of dolutegravir plus either rilpivirine or lamivudine in a multicenter cohort of virologically-suppressed PLWHIV

M.V. Cossu;A. Giacomelli;A.F. Capetti;S. Antinori;
2023

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of two dolutegravir-based two-drug regimens: dolutegravir + lamivudine versus dolutegravir + rilpivirine. Methods: We analysed a cohort of people living with HIV (PLWHIV) switching to dolutegravir + lamivudine or dolutegravir + rilpivirine. We excluded from the analysis PLWHIV with no available pre-switch genotypic test or with a known resistance mutation to one of the study drugs. We evaluated incidence of virological failure (VF) and treatment discontinuation (TD), as well as changes in immunological and metabolic parameters. Results: We enrolled 592 PLWHIV: 306 in the lamivudine group and 286 in the rilpivirine group. We observed nine VFs in the lamivudine group [1.4 VF per 100 patient-years of follow-up (PYFU)] and four VFs in the rilpivirine group (0.6 VF per 100 PYFU). Subsequent genotypic analysis showed no acquired resistance-associated mutations in those experiencing VF. Estimated probability of maintaining virological suppression at 144 and 240 weeks were 96.6% and 92.7%, respectively, in the lamivudine group and 98.7% and 98.7%, respectively, in the rilpivir- ine group (log-rank P = 0.172). The estimated probability of maintaining study regimen at Week 240 was 82.3% in the lamivudine group and 85.9% in the rilpivirine group (log-rank P = 0.018). We observed a significant improvement in CD4+ cell count at Week 240 in the lamivudine group (P = 0.012); in the rilpivirine group we registered a significant increase in CD4/CD8 ratio (P = 0.014). Conclusions: Both analysed strategies are effective and safe as switch strategies in clinical practice, with a low incidence of VF and a favourable immunological recovery, even in the long term.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/948333
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