Redox imbalance of the endothelial cells (ECs) plays a causative role in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. In order to better understand the molecular mechanisms of the endothelial response to oxidative stress, the involvement of circular RNAs (circRNAs) was investigated. CircRNAs are RNA species generated by a "back-splicing" event, which is the covalent linking of the 3'- and 5'-ends of exons. Bioinformatics analysis of the transcriptomic landscape of human ECs exposed to H2O2 allowed us to identify a subset of highly expressed circRNAs compared to their linear RNA counterparts, suggesting a potential biological relevance. Specifically, circular Ankyrin Repeat Domain 12 (circANKRD12), derived from the junction of exon 2 and exon 8 of the ANKRD12 gene (hsa_circ_0000826), was significantly induced in H2O2-treated ECs. Conversely, the linear RNA isoform of ANKRD12 was not modulated. An increased circular-to-linear ratio of ANKRD12 was also observed in cultured ECs exposed to hypoxia and in skeletal muscle biopsies of patients affected by critical limb ischemia (CLI), two conditions associated with redox imbalance and oxidative stress. The functional relevance of circANKRD12 was shown by the inhibition of EC formation of capillary-like structures upon silencing of the circular but not of the linear isoform of ANKRD12. Bioinformatics analysis of the circANKRD12-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in H2O2-treated ECs identified the enrichment of the p53 and Foxo signaling pathways, both crucial in the cellular response to redox imbalance. In keeping with the antiproliferative action of the p53 pathway, circANKRD12 silencing inhibited EC proliferation. In conclusion, this study indicates circANKRD12 as an important player in ECs exposed to oxidative stress.

CircANKRD12 Is Induced in Endothelial Cell Response to Oxidative Stress / C. Voellenkle, P. Fuschi, M. Mutoli, M. Carrara, P. Righini, G. Nano, C. Gaetano, F. Martelli. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 11:22(2022 Nov 09), pp. 3546.1-3546.16. [10.3390/cells11223546]

CircANKRD12 Is Induced in Endothelial Cell Response to Oxidative Stress

M. Carrara;G. Nano;
2022

Abstract

Redox imbalance of the endothelial cells (ECs) plays a causative role in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. In order to better understand the molecular mechanisms of the endothelial response to oxidative stress, the involvement of circular RNAs (circRNAs) was investigated. CircRNAs are RNA species generated by a "back-splicing" event, which is the covalent linking of the 3'- and 5'-ends of exons. Bioinformatics analysis of the transcriptomic landscape of human ECs exposed to H2O2 allowed us to identify a subset of highly expressed circRNAs compared to their linear RNA counterparts, suggesting a potential biological relevance. Specifically, circular Ankyrin Repeat Domain 12 (circANKRD12), derived from the junction of exon 2 and exon 8 of the ANKRD12 gene (hsa_circ_0000826), was significantly induced in H2O2-treated ECs. Conversely, the linear RNA isoform of ANKRD12 was not modulated. An increased circular-to-linear ratio of ANKRD12 was also observed in cultured ECs exposed to hypoxia and in skeletal muscle biopsies of patients affected by critical limb ischemia (CLI), two conditions associated with redox imbalance and oxidative stress. The functional relevance of circANKRD12 was shown by the inhibition of EC formation of capillary-like structures upon silencing of the circular but not of the linear isoform of ANKRD12. Bioinformatics analysis of the circANKRD12-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in H2O2-treated ECs identified the enrichment of the p53 and Foxo signaling pathways, both crucial in the cellular response to redox imbalance. In keeping with the antiproliferative action of the p53 pathway, circANKRD12 silencing inhibited EC proliferation. In conclusion, this study indicates circANKRD12 as an important player in ECs exposed to oxidative stress.
Foxo signaling pathway; circRNA–miRNA–mRNA regulatory network; circular RNAs; endothelium; oxidative stress; p53 signaling pathway; Humans; Hydrogen Peroxide; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; Oxidative Stress; Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells; Nuclear Proteins; RNA, Circular; MicroRNAs
Settore MED/22 - Chirurgia Vascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/947450
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