OBJECTIVE: Long-term efficacy of Benralizumab in real life is not clearly known. We assessed the long-term effectiveness persistence to anti-IL-5R treatment in a group of severe eosinophilic asthmatics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 95 individuals affected by severe asthma (36 males ̶ 37.9%; mean age 58.1 ± 12.2) treated with Benralizumab (mean time 19.7 ± 7.2 months, range 12-35). Outcomes were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of patients' treatment periods. RESULTS: Mean baseline blood eosinophils were 897.5 ± 720.1 cells/μL (11 ± 5.6%) decreasing to 7.4 ± 20.6 cells/μL (0.97 ± 0.26%; p < 0.0001) after Benralizumab. FENO likewise decreased from 63.9 ± 68.4 to 28.4 ± 23.6 ppb, while FEV1% significantly improved (p < 0.0001). Mean FEF25-75 also increased from 45.8 ± 24.6% to 60.7 ± 24.6%, whereas RAW dropped from 202.15 ± 109.6% to 135.2 ± 54.75% (p < 0.0001). Also, lung volumes greatly decreased. ACT/ACQ significantly improved, while exacerbations number fell from 4.1 ± 2.4, before anti-IL-5R, to 0.33 ± 0.77, after treatment (p < 0.0001). Rhinitis severity levels and SNOT-22 also changed favorably. Patients that took long-term OCs were 71.6% before treatment, decreasing to 23.2% after Benralizumab (p < 0.0001), with an OCs dose reduction from 14.8 ± 8.9 to 1.45 ± 2.8 mg/day (p < 0.0001). 51.6% of subjects used SABA as needed before Benralizumab, falling to 4.2% after treatment. Several patients showed a reduction of ICS doses, SABA use and maintenance therapy step-down. Clinical/biological response with anti-IL-5R remained constant or even improved in terms of exacerbations or maintenance therapy reductions over time. On the contrary, FEF25-75% improvement slowed down in the long-term. No relationship was found between baseline blood eosinophil number and therapeutic response. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term Benralizumab effectiveness persistence in all outcomes in real life was confirmed.

Severe asthma and long-term Benralizumab effectiveness in real-life / B. Sposato, M. Scalese, G. Camiciottoli, G.E. Carpagnano, C. Pelaia, P. Santus, G. Pelaia, G. Palmiero, M.D.I. Tomassi, M.C. Ronchi, P. Cameli, E. Bargagli, L. Ciambellotti, S. Rizzello, R. Sglavo, A. Coppola, L.G. Lacerenza, M. Gabriele, D. Radovanovic, A. Perrella, A. Ricci, P. Rogliani. - In: EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1128-3602. - 26:20(2022), pp. 7461-7473. [10.26355/eurrev_202210_30016]

Severe asthma and long-term Benralizumab effectiveness in real-life

P. Santus;D. Radovanovic;
2022

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Long-term efficacy of Benralizumab in real life is not clearly known. We assessed the long-term effectiveness persistence to anti-IL-5R treatment in a group of severe eosinophilic asthmatics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 95 individuals affected by severe asthma (36 males ̶ 37.9%; mean age 58.1 ± 12.2) treated with Benralizumab (mean time 19.7 ± 7.2 months, range 12-35). Outcomes were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of patients' treatment periods. RESULTS: Mean baseline blood eosinophils were 897.5 ± 720.1 cells/μL (11 ± 5.6%) decreasing to 7.4 ± 20.6 cells/μL (0.97 ± 0.26%; p < 0.0001) after Benralizumab. FENO likewise decreased from 63.9 ± 68.4 to 28.4 ± 23.6 ppb, while FEV1% significantly improved (p < 0.0001). Mean FEF25-75 also increased from 45.8 ± 24.6% to 60.7 ± 24.6%, whereas RAW dropped from 202.15 ± 109.6% to 135.2 ± 54.75% (p < 0.0001). Also, lung volumes greatly decreased. ACT/ACQ significantly improved, while exacerbations number fell from 4.1 ± 2.4, before anti-IL-5R, to 0.33 ± 0.77, after treatment (p < 0.0001). Rhinitis severity levels and SNOT-22 also changed favorably. Patients that took long-term OCs were 71.6% before treatment, decreasing to 23.2% after Benralizumab (p < 0.0001), with an OCs dose reduction from 14.8 ± 8.9 to 1.45 ± 2.8 mg/day (p < 0.0001). 51.6% of subjects used SABA as needed before Benralizumab, falling to 4.2% after treatment. Several patients showed a reduction of ICS doses, SABA use and maintenance therapy step-down. Clinical/biological response with anti-IL-5R remained constant or even improved in terms of exacerbations or maintenance therapy reductions over time. On the contrary, FEF25-75% improvement slowed down in the long-term. No relationship was found between baseline blood eosinophil number and therapeutic response. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term Benralizumab effectiveness persistence in all outcomes in real life was confirmed.
Benralizumab; severe asthma; real-life; lung function; small airways; symptoms; oral corticosteroids; long-term; effectiveness
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946982
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