Purpose: To compare the rate of return to sports and body mass index (BMI) reduction in patients who underwent surgery for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) with either Cobalt-Chromium (CoCr) alloy UKA or with hypoallergenic UKA, stratified by age, gender and BMI. Methods: Two consecutive cohorts of patients with a total of 172 UKA and a minimum 2-year follow-up period were prospectively included in this comparative study. The first cohort consisted of 136 consecutive series of standard Cobalt-Chromium (CoCr Group). The second cohort consisted of 36 consecutive mobile-bearing hypoallergenic Titanium Niobium Nitride UKA, (TiNbN Group). The clinical evaluation was based on the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) activity scores and the High-Activity Arthroplasty Score (HAAS) evaluated on the day before surgery (T0) and after a minimum follow-up of 12 months (T1) and 24 months (T2). Radiographic evaluation performed at T2 included the femoral component position in varus/valgus, the tibial component in varus/valgus and the anteroposterior slope. Results: No statistical differences were found between the groups at each follow-up, as shown by the UCLA and HAAS score (n.s.). Both groups showed a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) at each follow-up.. Both groups showed a statistically significant BMI reduction between T0 and T2 (p < 0.05). Radiographic analysis revealed no statistical differences between the two groups in terms of the three measures after the final follow-up (n.s.). All the subgroups showed a significant (p < 0.05) rate of return to sport if compared with the preoperative value (T2 versus T0), except for male in TiNbN group. Conclusions: Both TiNbN and CoCr medial mobile-bearing UKA enabled patients to return to sports after the final follow-up, regardless of age, BMI, gender and metal sensitivity. These findings inform shared decision making and can help to manage patient expectations after surgery, in particular, in active patients with an overt metal allergy, a specific hypoallergenic implant should be considered the gold standard implant in partial knee replacement surgery. Level of evidence: Cohort Study, Level III. Registration: researchregistry6250—www.researchregistry.com.

Similar rates of return to sports and BMI reduction regardless of age, gender and preoperative BMI as seen in matched cohort of hypoallergenic and standard Cobalt Chromium medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty / R. D'Ambrosi, F.M. Anghilieri, K. Corona, I. Mariani, F. Valli, N. Ursino, M.T. Hirschmann. - In: KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY. - ISSN 0942-2056. - 30:3(2022 Mar), pp. 890-898. [10.1007/s00167-021-06467-1]

Similar rates of return to sports and BMI reduction regardless of age, gender and preoperative BMI as seen in matched cohort of hypoallergenic and standard Cobalt Chromium medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

R. D'Ambrosi
Primo
;
F.M. Anghilieri
Secondo
;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the rate of return to sports and body mass index (BMI) reduction in patients who underwent surgery for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) with either Cobalt-Chromium (CoCr) alloy UKA or with hypoallergenic UKA, stratified by age, gender and BMI. Methods: Two consecutive cohorts of patients with a total of 172 UKA and a minimum 2-year follow-up period were prospectively included in this comparative study. The first cohort consisted of 136 consecutive series of standard Cobalt-Chromium (CoCr Group). The second cohort consisted of 36 consecutive mobile-bearing hypoallergenic Titanium Niobium Nitride UKA, (TiNbN Group). The clinical evaluation was based on the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) activity scores and the High-Activity Arthroplasty Score (HAAS) evaluated on the day before surgery (T0) and after a minimum follow-up of 12 months (T1) and 24 months (T2). Radiographic evaluation performed at T2 included the femoral component position in varus/valgus, the tibial component in varus/valgus and the anteroposterior slope. Results: No statistical differences were found between the groups at each follow-up, as shown by the UCLA and HAAS score (n.s.). Both groups showed a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) at each follow-up.. Both groups showed a statistically significant BMI reduction between T0 and T2 (p < 0.05). Radiographic analysis revealed no statistical differences between the two groups in terms of the three measures after the final follow-up (n.s.). All the subgroups showed a significant (p < 0.05) rate of return to sport if compared with the preoperative value (T2 versus T0), except for male in TiNbN group. Conclusions: Both TiNbN and CoCr medial mobile-bearing UKA enabled patients to return to sports after the final follow-up, regardless of age, BMI, gender and metal sensitivity. These findings inform shared decision making and can help to manage patient expectations after surgery, in particular, in active patients with an overt metal allergy, a specific hypoallergenic implant should be considered the gold standard implant in partial knee replacement surgery. Level of evidence: Cohort Study, Level III. Registration: researchregistry6250—www.researchregistry.com.
Body mass index; Metal hypersensitivity; Return to sport; Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
mar-2022
7-feb-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946833
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